Computer Basics ReviewDirections: Complete this worksheet by filling in the blanks or as directed by your instructor.Pay close attention to the directions for each section.When finished study the answers CAREFULLY.Section 1 - Input/OutputClick on the link (Input/Output) in canvas and review the power point about peripheraldevices. As you read the information decide which of the following peripheral items INPUTinformation or OUTPUT information. Designate the type of peripheral component bywriting INPUT or OUTPUT by each of the items below1. Monitor OUTPUT2. Keyboard INPUT3. Scanner INPUT4. Laser Printer OUTPUT5. Mouse INPUT6. Speakers OUTPUT7. Digital Camera INPUTSection 2 – What’s Inside a Computer?Click on the link (What’s Inside a Computer) on Canvas and review the power point. Afterreading the material answer the questions below about each components responsibility. Fillin the blank with the correct answer from the box. Some may be used more than once or notat all.CPUBIOSMotherboard RAMpower supplyhard drivenetwork cardUSB PortROMvideo card1. I connect computers and allow them to talk to each other.network card2. I wake up the computer and remind it what to do. BIOS3. I am the brain of the computer.CPU4. Information is stored on my magnetic cylinders. hard drive5. I hold all of the other circuit boards.motherboard6. I handle the graphics that are displayed on the monitor. video card7. I am the type of port used by flash drives USB PortPage 1
Section 3 - StorageClick on the link (Storage) in Canvas and review the power point. Fill in the blanks with thevocabulary words from the box. Use each word only once. You may want to refer back tothe vocabulary list that was given above.informationflash driveCDprimaryDVDsecondary1. Primary memory is stored on chips located on the motherboard.2. Secondary memory is stored on the hard drive.3. A flash drive can hold information greater than a CD or DVD.4. A CD usually holds up to 650 to 700 MB.5. A DVD holds even more information at least 7 GB.6. The purpose of storage in a computer is to hold information or data.Section 4 - ProgramsClick on the link (Programs) in Canvas and review the power point. After reading thematerial answer the questions below about each components responsibility. Fill in theblank with the correct answer from the box. Some may be used more than once or not at all.ResearchEntertainmentSpreadsheetDesktop PublishingDatabaseWord processing1. Creating a birthday card for a friend. Desktop Publishing2. Balancing your checkbook.Spreadsheet3. Finding information on pyramids.Research4. Playing solitaire.Entertainment5. Calculating MathSpreadsheet6. Keeping an address book.Database7. Writing an essay.Word Processing8. Making a newsletter.Desktop Publishing9. Writing a story about aliens.Word ProcessingPage 2
Section 5 - ProgramsClick on the link (Computer Basics Vocabulary) in Canvas and review the power point. Afterreading the material answer the questions below. Fill in the blank with the correct answerfrom the box. Some may be used more than once or not at ramprogrammers1. A program is a set of instructions that tells the computer how to perform a specifictask.2. Programs are like translators that allow people to work with computers withoutlearning the computer’s language.3. Using bits and bytes in different combinations to represent a code is known asprogramming.4. Copying a program onto your computer’s hard drive from another source is known asinstalling the program.5. People who write codes to create programs are known as computer programmers.6. Some programs can be downloaded from the internet directly to your hard driveSection 6 - Operating SystemsClick on the link (Operating Systems) in Canvas and review the power point. After readingthe material answer the questions below. Fill in the blank with the correct answer from thebox. Some may be used more than once or not at all.Windowsoperating systemgraphicsupgradeduser friendly1. The large program that controls how the CPU communicates with other hardwarecomponents is the operating system.2. A computer that is easy to operate is called user friendly.3.Windows is the most common operating system for PCs.4. Operating systems are constantly being upgraded as technology advances.5. A Graphical User Interface (GUI) uses graphics to help the user navigate within thecomputer system.Page 3
Section 7 - The Windows DesktopClick on the link (The Windows Desktop) in Canvas and review the power point. Afterreading the material answer the questions below. Fill in the blank with the correct answerfrom the box. Some may be used more than once or not at all.GUIwindowsicontool barRecycle Binscroll barStart Menuwallpapertask bartitle bar1. You put things in the recycle bin that you no longer need or want.2. A GUI uses graphics or pictures to help the user navigate and access programs.3. The Start Menu and clock are found on the task bar.4. An icon is a small picture that links to a file or program.5. At the top of each window, the title bar contains the title and buttons to close,minimize and resize.6. Moving the scroll bar up or down allows you to see all of the information in a window.7. Programs and applications run inside windows that can be opened, closed or resized.8. The wallpaper is like a backdrop on your desktop that can be changed.9. Found below the menu bar in some windows, the tool bar contains icons or options thatallow you to perform specific tasks.10. The start menu contains basic operations such as run, shut down, log off and find.Section 8 – Cloud ComputingDirections: Read the information from the link (Cloud Computing) in Canvas andfill in the A & B tables below.A) What are the Advantages and Disadvantages to “CloudNetworking”?AdvantagesLower cost computer and softwareFrewer maintenance costsInstant Software updatesAbility to share (collaboration)Unlimited storage capcityDisadvantagesRequires a constant InternetconnectionRequires a high speed InternetconnectionStored data might not be securePage 4
Section 10 - Organizing files and foldersClick on the link (The Windows Desktop)in Canvas and review the power point. Afterreading the material answer the questions below. Under each Program Name and folder,write the appropriate file name and extension.Organizing ordtabs.docxmemo.docxmla.docxPage 5
Section 11 – Parts of a ComputerFill in the blanks #1-#74 Main Parts of a ComputerPart 1: This type of device is known as a(n) INPUT device.(Section 1) It enables information to be passed into the computer. It includes the: Keyboard, mouse, scanner, digital camera,microphone, etc.Part 2: This device is responsible for STORAGE(Section 3) A unit that holds and gives information to the processor as needed. There are two types of storage:1. Temporary storage which holds information for short periodsand only when the computer is on.i. Examples of temporary storage include RAM(RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY )RAM allows stored data to be accessed in any order.(i.e., at random).2. Long term storage holds information for as long as you want it.i. Examples of Long-term storage include Hard Disk Drive, CD-Rom,DVD, Flash Drive.Part 3: This is the brains of the computer.The PROCESSING (Section 6) It controls all functions. The processor is called the CPU(CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT) The motherboard holds the CPU and physically connects all theother main parts of the computer. Cases and chassis house the motherboard and the CPU.Part 4: This type of device is known as a(n) OUTPUT device.(Section 1) A device that receives information from the processor in the form ofwords, sounds or pictures. These devices include printers, speakers and Monitor.Page 6
Section 12 – Fill in the blank areas with the correct answer2.Icon:A small picturethat links to afile or program4.Windows:Programs andapplications thatcan be opened,closed or resized3.Tool Bar:Contains iconsor options thatallow you toperformspecific tasks1. Wallpaper:Backdrop(background)on the desktop5.GUI:GraphicalUserInterfaceHelps usernavigate &accessprograms6.Title Bar:Contains title andbuttons to close,minimize and resize8.Recycle bin:Where you put thingsyou no longer want9.Start Menu:Contains basicoperations such asrun, shut down, logoff and find7.Scroll Bar:Allows you to seeall of theinformation in a10.Task Bar:Includes the StartMenu and theClockPage 7
Section 1 - Input/Output Click on the link (Input/Output) in canvas and review the power point about peripheral . The large program that controls how the CPU communicates with other hardware components is the operating system. 2. A computer that is easy to operate is called user friendly. 3. Windows is the most common operating system for PCs.