NOAA Blue EconomyStrategic Plan 2021—2025National Oceanic andAtmospheric AdministrationU.S. Department of CommerceJanuary 19, 2021NOAA Blue Economy Pillars:Marine Transportation Seafood Production Ocean Exploration Coastal Resilience Tourism & Recreation

2NOAA Blue Economy Strategic PlanNOAA Blue Economy Strategic PlanAPPROVED:Tim Gallaudet, Ph.D., Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy (Ret.)Assistant Secretary of Commerce forOceans and Atmosphere / Deputy NOAA AdministratorSPONSORNicole LeBoeufActing Assistant AdministratorFor Ocean Services and CoastalZone ManagementNBEEC CO-CHAIRCraig McLeanAssistant Administratorfor Oceanic and Atmospheric ResearchNBEEC CO-CHAIRChris OliverAssistant AdministratorFor FisheriesMary EricksonDeputy Assistant Administratorfor National Weather ServiceMary WohlgemuthDirector, National Centers forEnvironmental InformationNational Environmental Satellite, Data, andInformation ServiceRear Admiral Nancy HannDeputy Director for Operationsfor Office of Marine and AviationOperations & Deputy Director of theNOAA Commissioned Officer CorpsJanuary 2021

NOAA Blue Economy Strategic PlanNOAA Blue Economy Strategic PlanI. Introduction.The United States is an ocean nation with a growing Blue Economy. In 2018,the American Blue Economy, including goods and services, contributed about 373 billion to the nation’s gross domestic product, supporting 2.3 millionjobs and grew faster than the nation’s economy in its entirety. Marinerelated gross domestic product grew 5.8% from 2017 to 2018, faster thanthe 5.4% growth of the total U.S. gross domestic product as measured incurrent dollars. The economic activity from America’s seaports alone grewfrom 2014-2018 by 17% to 5.4 trillion, comprising nearly 26% of thenation’s 20.5 trillion gross domestic product (GDP). Despite the challengesposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, American seaports are adding terminalsand piers, and demand for maritime commerce is expected to triple by 2030.Furthermore, coastal counties in the U.S. are home to 127 million people, or40% of the population. From 2010-2016, the population of shore-adjacentcounties along the Gulf of Mexico grew by 24.5%, the fastest of any regionin the nation, which averaged 14.8%. If American coastal counties were anindividual country, they would rank third in the world in GDP, surpassed onlyby the United States and China. The prosperity and security of this nation istherefore predicated on the understanding, health, and sustainable use ofour Oceans, Coasts, and Great Lakes.NOAA expands and strengthens the American Blue Economy byleading agency-wide initiatives in the following areas:1. Marine Transportation2. Ocean Exploration3. Seafood Competitiveness4. Tourism & Recreation5. Coastal ResilienceNOAA further supports the growth of Blue Economy sectors by leveragingdynamic public-private partnerships, innovative Science, Technology,Engineering, and Math (STEM) education & outreach, transformative oceanscience, and emerging technologies to monitor and maximize sustainableeconomic contributions of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources. Since2017, NOAA Leadership has supported advancing the American BlueEconomy as a top budget and outreach priority. An important milestone inadvancing this priority area was the November 2019 White House Summit onOcean Science & Technology (S&T) Partnerships, where the agency arrangedover a dozen ocean S&T partnership initiatives to advance Americancompetitiveness, security, and prosperity.The agency has had a leading role in implementing the National Ocean Policyof 2018, 2018 National Strategic Plan for STEM Education, 2019 PresidentialMemorandum on Mapping the U.S. EEZ and Shoreline & Nearshore of Alaska,2020 National Strategy for Mapping, Exploring, & Characterizing the U.S.Exclusive Economic Zone (NOMEC), 2020 Executive Order on PromotingSeafood Competitiveness and Economic Growth, and 2020 U.S. FederalStrategy for Addressing the Global Challenge of Marine Litter. It hasalso implemented several agency strategies to advance resourceconservation, S&T, and mapping, such as the 2020 NOAA Office of CoastSurvey (OCS) National Ocean Mapping Strategy (Mapping U.S. Marineand Great Lakes Waters: Office of Coast Survey Contributions toa National Ocean Mapping Strategy), which highlights OCScontributions toward the NOMEC Strategy. Through these and otherinitiatives, NOAA has been advancing the U.S. Blue Economy, andpreparing the nation for an economy that is increasingly dependent ondata and technology. The 5-year NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Planis aligned with these initiatives.NOAA has contributed to the American Blue Economy in diverse andpowerful ways, such as the designation and expansion of NationalMarine Sanctuaries. NOAA designated the new Mallows Bay-PotomacRiver National Marine Sanctuary in 2019, and is working to finalize twoshipwreck sanctuaries in Wisconsin and Lake Ontario,and to expandthe Monitor and Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuaries.NOAA offices are actively engaged in efforts to improve weatherforecasts, conserving coral reefs, removing marine debris, restoringhabitat, protecting endangered species, and responding to oil spills.The ongoing implementation of the 2018 NOAA Coral Reef ConservationProgram Strategic Plan and 2020 NOAA Strategy to Respond to andPrevent the Spread of Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease, for example,support cross-line efforts that enhance coastal resilience, tourism,and recreation.In 2020, NOAA published a new NOAA Uncrewed Systems (UxS) Strategyto guide advancements in UxS applications and to increase the useof these systems across NOAA mission areas. Shortly thereafter, theagency collaborated with partners to use uncrewed systems to adaptresearch operations, exploration, and fisheries management to therestrictions posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and mitigate impacts tooperations to ensure the timely delivery of critical data and services.For Seafood Production, NOAA deployed uncrewed surface vessels toperform stock assessments for Pollock, and to produce updated nauticalcharts ensuring safe passage of commercial vessels. Underwater gliderswere also deployed along the U.S. Gulf of Mexico and South AtlanticCoast to provide sustained ocean temperature profiles to improve 2020hurricane forecasts. NOAA will continue to develop innovative solutionsto support mission areas that are essential to the nation.3

4NOAA Blue Economy Strategic PlanNOAA has also made great progress in quantifying agency blue economycontributions. The agency established the Ocean Economic SatelliteAccount with the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) to conducteconomic valuation assessments for individual NOAA programs andagency wide efforts. This effort has produced marine economy statisticsto understand the value of the marine economy and individual sectors,compare it with other contributions to the U.S. economy, track changes,and inform plans for America’s economic recovery.At the request of the NOAA Administrator in late 2019, the OceanExploration Advisory Board (OEAB) formed a Blue EconomySubcommittee to recommend actionable steps NOAA can take tocontribute to the doubling of the nation’s Blue Economy over the nextdecade. The Subcommittee first met in February, 2020, and has sincedeveloped initial recommendations as summarized in the InterimReport: Accelerating Growth of the U.S. Blue Economy. The OEAB voted toapprove this Interim Report, which identifies preliminary opportunitiesthat can be accomplished with six- to twelve-month efforts that areintended to support longer term efforts.One such opportunity was the establishment of an executive committeeto further demonstrate NOAA’s leadership in advancing the AmericanBlue Economy by evaluating opportunities identified in the OEAB InterimReport, maintaining awareness of new developments, promotingpartnerships, and implementing the recommendations outlined therein.In August 2020, the NOAA Administrator convened the NOAA BlueEconomy Executive Committee (NBEEC), which worked to develop the5-year NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan (2021-2025). This Plan isaligned with the recommendations from the OEAB Interim Report, andincludes efforts across line and staff offices that are either planned orin progress.The NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan is organized along the followinglines of effort: 1) Marine Transportation, 2) Ocean Exploration, 3) Tourismand Recreation, 4) Seafood Competitiveness, 5) Coastal Resilience, 6)Internal Focus Areas, and 7) External Opportunities (Table 1). In additionto providing a framework for agency-wide contributions to the 5 pillars ofNOAA’s Blue Economy initiative (Goals 1-5), this Plan outlines actions thatwill maximize agency capacity to contribute data and services and engagewith multisector partners by improving cross-cutting internal focus areas andleveraging external opportunities (Goals 6-7). Actions under Goals 6-7 focuson strategic communications and engagement, partnership agreements,finance and business development, S&T transition and applications, workforcedevelopment, policy and legislation, and socioeconomic evaluations.The NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan provides concrete examples of howNOAA’s people, policies, products, and services intersect to support BlueEconomy growth in a sustainable and responsible manner. Additionally, thePlan highlights how the agency is leveraging private sector capabilities andapplying emergent science and technology to further innovation in all BlueEconomy sectors. This approach has been instrumental to the continuation ofocean science operations and other efforts to adapt activities in support of theNOAA mission and nation following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Theactions in this plan will accelerate and grow these contributions in support of aresilient and thriving economy.Table 1:Strategy Goals1. Advance NOAA Contributions toMarine TransportationObjectives & ActionsOptimize Marine Highway Infrastructure· Distribute Precision Marine Navigation data· Develop products to enhance safety & utility· Improve operational marine weather forecastsImprove Marine Navigation· Maximize observations for navigation services· Provide accurate water level measurements· Modernize National Spatial Reference System· Innovate tools for port safety & efficiencyDescribe Marine Commerce· Provide marine economy data· Characterize data for transportation & industry

NOAA Blue Economy Strategic PlanCoordinate & Execute Mapping· Complete ocean mapping campaigns· Archive, inventory, & make available expedition dataPerform Exploration & Characterization· Develop priorities2. Map, Explore & Characterize the U.S. EEZ· Leverage funding & partnerships· Archive & make accessible expedition data· Develop data collection & quality standards· Report campaign progressStreamline Permitting & AuthorizationPromote U.S. Fishing & Seafood· Engage regional fisheries management councils· Develop an American Seafood Campaign· Inform investments & advocacy· Leverage citizen science networks & data· Advance Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management3. Implement the Executive Order on PromotingCombat IUU FishingSeafood Competitiveness and Economic Growth· Implement the Port State Measures Agreement· Advance S&T for detection & monitoringGrow Domestic Aquaculture· Streamline permitting· Develop Aquaculture Opportunity Areas· Improve regulatory transparency· Establish Regional Aquaculture Training CentersIncrease Options & Access· Expand & designate new National Marine Sanctuaries· Improve access to coastal recreation areas· Assessing & addressing access opportunities4. Expand Tourism and Recreation Opportunities in· Support accessible, sustainable recreational fishingthe America’s Oceans, Coasts, & Great Lakes· Develop partnerships for safety & messagingImprove Ocean Health· Assess, restore, & protect coral reefs· Implement the National Marine Debris StrategyUnderstand & Communicate Economic ValueInform & Communicate· Increase Support for the Parametric Insurance Sector· Develop coastal & economic data-comparisons & tools· Create & deliver regional normal calculations products· Develop marine oil spill remediation satellite productsManage & Model Data5. Enhance the Resilience of America’s Oceans, Coasts,· Update local & regional digital elevation models& Great Lakes Coastal Communities· Operationalize Coastal Wind & Water Events Database· Improve coastal relief models & ocean climatologiesAdvance Cross-cutting Strategies· Develop an Integrated Water Prediction strategy· Expand opportunities for increasing resilience· Develop an Ecosystem Forecasting Portfolio strategy5

6NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan6. Improve Cross-cutting Internal Focus Areas toGrow the American Blue Economy Sustainably7. Leverage Cross-cutting External Opportunities toGrow the American Blue EconomyMeasure Contributions· Develop internal metrics· Conduct valuation reports· Measure Ocean Economy growth & trendsIncrease Literacy· Develop an Economically Literate WorkforceStreamline Internal Processes· Evaluate contracting, acquisitions, stewardship· Increase ROI of NOAA Programs· Expand & Accelerate S&T TransitionsEnhance & Leverage Strategic PartnershipsDevelop Policy & LegislationCommunicate & EngageExpand Extramural ResearchII. Overarching Purpose.The NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan aims to:1. Strengthen and improve NOAA data, services, and technologicalresources that contribute to the American Blue Economy,2. Collaborate with partners to support the growth of American businessand entrepreneurship that contributes to the development andsustainability of the blue economy across the United States, and3. Identify and support the growth of sectors of the Blue Economythat will help accelerate the nation's economic recovery.III. 5-year Strategic Plan (2021-2025).1. Goal: Advance NOAA Contributions to MarineTransportation.1.1. Objective: Provide marine economy data specificto the marine transportation sector that would beuseful for investment and advocacy purposes to publicaudiences and stakeholders.1.1.1. Action: Continue to provide economic time series data on the marinetransportation sector through the Economics National Ocean Watch dataset(ENOW) and the Marine Economy Satellite Account (MESA).Lead Offices: National Ocean Service (NOS), Office for Coastal Management(ENOW)Supporting Offices: NOAA Office of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) Officeof Performance, Risk & Social Science (PRSSO), Office of the NOAA ChiefEconomist (MESA)Due Date: Provided annually in June (ENOW); provide as available (MESA)1.2. Objective: Optimize the safety and utility of thenation’s marine highway infrastructure.1.2.1. Action: Disseminate Precision Marine Navigation data, such assurface current forecasts, marine weather hazards, and high resolutionbathymetry via the S-100 framework in top U.S. ports, waterways, and searoutes to decrease risk to life and property, optimize cargo loading, andimprove route planning.Lead Offices: NOS Office of Coast Survey, Center for OperationalOceanographic Products and ServicesSupporting Offices: National Geodetic Survey, National Weather Service(NWS) Analyze, Forecast and Support Office (AFS) and Ocean PredictionCenter (OPC)Due Date: Ongoing through 20301.2.2. Action: Increase safety of maritime transportation and commercialshipping activities. Action: Complete development of satellite iceberg detectionproduct in collaboration with the U.S. Coast Guard’s International Ice Patroland in support of the North American Ice Service (NAIS) and International IceCharting Working Group (IICWG).Lead Office: National Environmental Satellite, Data, and InformationService (NESDIS)/Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR),Supporting Offices: NWS OPC, Cooperative Institutefor Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS)Due Date: Q1FY241.2.2.2. Action: Evaluate experimental ocean convection productcapability of nowcasting which storms will produce severe weather andexplore operational NWS forecast applications. Action: Current model is specific to NWS/OPC Atlantic domain.Lead Office: NESDIS/STARSupporting Office: NWSDue Date: Q4FY221.2.2.3. Action: Refine and improve satellite ocean surface vector windproducts for routine utilization by marine forecasters for making windwarning, nowcast, and forecast decisions. Action: These products are integral in determining the radiusof gale, storm, and hurricane force winds associated with tropical andextratropical cyclones.Lead Office: NESDIS/STARSupporting Offices: NWS OPC, NWS National Hurricane Center (NHC)Due Date: Ongoing

NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan1.2.2.4. Action: Develop Alaskan coastal wind climatologies usefulfor identifying wind channels where mountain ranges funnel winds andcreate channels of 0-35 mph winds in a spatial distance of 30 miles, andexplore potential utility for NWS wind grids.Lead Office: NESDIS/STARSupporting Office (Potential): NWS Office of Science and TechnologyIntegration (STI)Due Date: Q1FY231.2.3. Action: Improve operational marine weather forecasts for efficientmaritime commerce. Action: Expand marine model grids to cover all U.S. Metareasto improve operational marine weather forecasts and facilitate shipavoidance to prevent economic losses.Lead Office: NWS OPCDue Date: Q4FY231.2.3.2. Action: Provide all marine and high seas warnings in polygonformat using S-41X metadata standards to enable real-time ingestion ofoperational high impact information into shipboard electronicchart display.Lead Office: NWS OPCSupporting Office: NWS STIDue Date: Q4FY241.2.3.3. Action: Develop predictive sea ice capabilities through theU.S. National Ice Center to improve coupled operational marine/sea iceforecasts for current and expanding navigation routes in support ofmarine commerce.Lead Office: NWS OPCSupporting Office: NESDIS/STARDue Date: Q4FY241.2.3.4. Action: Development of coupled ocean/sea ice/atmosphere/wave unified forecast modeling system prototype to save lives andproperty and support marine commerce.Lead Office: NWS STIDue Date: Q4FY211.2.3.5. Action: Implement high-resolution coupled wave/surge/inlandflooding/atmosphere hindcast modeling system (Named Storm EventModel) to accurately simulate landfalling tropical storm conditions.Lead Office: NWS STIDue Date: Q3FY221.2.3.6. Action: Implement social science recommendations to improvethe communication of risks related to sea ice to impacted activities andcommunities in Alaska.Lead Office: NWS STIDue Date: Q4FY211.2.3.7. Action: Work with private industry to innovate new costeffective and portable (e.g. miniature) technology for oceanographicand marine meteorological observations to improve marine forecastsand warnings.Lead Office: NOAA Technology Partnerships OfficeSupporting Offices: NWS Office of Observations and NDBC,NWS OPC, NOS/U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System(IOOS), NOAA Technology Partnerships Office, NCEI, GOMODue Date: Q4FY241.3 Objective: Maximize the value and impact of real-timedata observations for navigation services.1.3.1. Action: Increase the cumulative percent of the top 175 U.S. portscovered by the NOAA PORTS (Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System)partnership program by 1% each fiscal year.Lead Office: NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products andServices (CO-OPS)Due Date: Ongoing through 20251.3.2. Action: Improve safe navigation at sea and enhance safety servicesthrough better weather warnings and forecasts by expanding participation inthe Voluntary Observing Ship (VOS) program by 20%.Lead Office: NWS Office of ObservationsDue Date: Q4FY241.3.3. Action: Update the National Tidal Datum Epoch and the InternationalGreat Lakes Datum to continue to provide accurate water level measurementsthat support safe maritime commerce and coastal resilience.Lead Office: NOS CO-OPSDue Date: Ongoing through 20251.4. Objective: Update the National Tidal Datum Epochand the International Great Lakes Datum to continue toprovide accurate water level measurements that supportsafe maritime commerce and coastal resilience.1.4.1. Action: Complete the GNSS field campaign in FY22 at over 200locations in the Great Lakes.Lead Offices: NOS National Geodetic Survey, CO-OPSDue Date: FY22 (COVID dependent)1.4.2. Action: Collect seasonal gauge data in the Great Lakes.Lead Offices: NOS National Geodetic Survey, CO-OPSDue Date: FY21 (COVID dependent)1.4.3. Action: Calculate new tidal datums at over 100 primary control waterlevel stations.Lead Office: NOS CO-OPSDue Date: FY231.4.4. Action: Publish updated tidal datums and bench mark sheets for over2000 locations.Lead Office: NOS CO-OPSDue Date: FY251.4.5. Action: Publish updated International Great Lakes Datum waterlevel heights.Lead Office: NOS CO-OPSDue Date: FY251.5. Objective: Modernize and improve the NationalSpatial Reference System (NSRS) to support centimeterlevel accuracy for latitude, longitude, and geometricheight using GNSS positioning techniques at any locationin the Nation, which will greatly reduce errors.7

8NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan1.5.1. Action: Complete the Gravity for the Redefinition of the AmericanVertical Datum (GRAV-D) project.Lead Office: NOS National Geodetic SurveyDue Date: 20241.5.2. Action: Update the National Shoreline in priority ports and otherareas of interest to update nautical chart features and improve the safety ofnavigation.Lead Office: NOS National Geodetic SurveyDue Date: Annual1.5.3. Action: Deliver a revised West Coast VDatum model.Lead Offices: NOS National Geodetic Survey, Center for OperationalOceanographic Products and Services, and Office of Coast SurveyDue Date: FY221.6. Objective: Characterize global and U.S. coastalocean surface wind patterns for Marine Transportationas well as offshore wind energy industries.1.6.1. Action: Create global and regional gridded high resolution seasurface winds products from NOAA and Partners’ satellite and in-situplatform observations, and make them freely available to the public andmarine transportation and offshore wind power communities.Lead Office: NESDIS/National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)Due Date: Q4FY211.6.1.1. Action: Integrate Synthetic Aperture Radar wind productsto 1.6.1.Lead Office: NESDIS/STARDue Date: Q3FY231.7. Objective: Improve marine navigation at U.S. portsand waterways.1.7.1. Action: Expand operational fog visibility tools at U.S. ports topromote safe navigation and efficient marine commerce activities. Action: Evaluate applicability of NOAA’s GOES-16 Fog and LowStratus (FLS) product for forecasting ground fog at US ports (NWS). Ifnecessary, adjust the FLS algorithm to provide more accurate, fit-forpurpose ground fog information. The FLS product, developed for aviationapplications, helps identify areas with cloud ceilings 1000 feet and/orsurface visibility 3 miles and provides estimates for fog depth. It becameoperational for the east CONUS sector on 9 Sep 2020.Lead Office: NESDIS/STARSupporting Office (Potential): NWS/STIDue Date: Q1FY241.7.1.2. Action: Complete satellite product development for shipdetection and ship size estimates for monitoring increases/decreases inmaritime activity in and around US ports.Lead Office: NESDIS/STARDue Date: Q4FY231.7.2. Action: Develop marine channel forecast including fog forecasts andassociated decision support services for at least one new Gulf Coast port.Lead Office: NWS/AFSDue Date: Q4FY232. Goal: Map, Explore and Characterize the U.S. EEZ.2.1. Objective: Coordinate and Execute Campaigns to Mapthe U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).2.1.1. Action: Complete ocean mapping campaigns with public andprivate sector partners in accordance with the NOMEC Strategy and meetingestablished standards and protocols.Lead Offices: Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) Office of OceanExploration and Research (OER) and NOS Office of Coast SurveyDue Date: Ongoing (waters 40 m complete by 2030 and 40 m by 2040)2.1.2. Action: Archive and make accessible crowdsource (CSB) data sent toNCEI/DCDBLead Office: NESDIS/NCEIDue Date: Q4FY212.1.3. Action: 90% of Ocean and Coastal Mapping data submitted is archived,inventoried and available within 90 days of receipt.Lead Office: NESDIS/NCEIDue Date: Q4FY21.2.2. Objective: Coordinate and execute campaigns toexplore and characterize the U.S. EEZ, in concordancewith the National Ocean Mapping, Exploration, andCharacterization Council (NOMEC) Strategy and in supportof Blue Economy goals.2.2.1. Action: Provide strategic exploration and characterization prioritiesidentified with intra-agency, interagency, and cross-sectoral input.Lead Office: OAR/OERDue Date: Q3FY212.2.2. Action: Use available funding mechanisms (e.g., grants, contracts, etc.)and leverage new and external partnerships to support ocean exploration andcharacterization missions.Lead Office: OAR/OERDue Date: Ongoing2.2.3. Action: Archive and make accessible ocean exploration andcharacterization data from NOAA, partner, and other appropriate expeditionsto the public in a timely way.Lead Office: NESDIS/NCEIDue date: Ongoing2.2.4. Action: Develop data collection and quality standards for oceanexploration and characterization for robust datasets that can be used formultiple objectives across sectors.Lead Office: OAR/OERDue date: Ongoing2.2.5. Action: provide climatological mean maps of surface and subsurfacecarbon variables to assist in quantifying ocean acidification (North AmericanCoastal Carbon Synthesis).Lead Office:NESDIS/NCEISupporting Offices: lead with PMEL/AOML and others at NOAADue Date: Q2FY21

NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan2.3. Objective: Support efforts to facilitate permittingfor ocean mapping and exploration projects.2.3.1. Action: Coordinate with the Ocean Resource Management (ORM)Subcommittee in streamlining the permitting and authorization process.Lead Offices: Office of Coast Survey, Ocean Exploration and Research, NMFSOffice of Protected Resources (OPR)Supporting Offices: in coordination with NOAA representatives to the ORMDue Date: Ongoing throughout 20222.4 Objective: Advance S&T in support of oceanmapping, exploration, and characterization.2.4.1. Action: Include ocean mapping, exploration, and characterizationapplications in the implementation of the 6 NOAA S&T Focus AreaImplementation Plans.Lead Office: S&T Synergy Committee of the NOAA Science CouncilDue Date: Ongoing through 20253. Goal: Implement the Executive Order on PromotingSeafood Competitiveness and Economic Growth.3.1. Objective: Remove Barriers to American Fishing.3.1.1. Action: Collect recommendations from the regional fisheriesmanagement councils to reduce burdens on domestic fishing and to increaseproduction within sustainable marine fisheries.Lead Office: NOAA FisheriesDue Date: Q4FY213.2. Objective: Combat Illegal, Unreported andUnregulated (IUU) Fishing.3.2.1. Action: Take action to fully implement the Agreement on PortState Measures to Prevent, Deter, and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported andUnregulated fishing, including further efforts related to capacity building.Lead Office: NOAA FisheriesDue Date: Q4FY223.2.2. Action: Complete satellite product development for ship detectionand identification in open ocean waters and transition product to operations.Lead Office: NESDIS/STARSupporting Office: NMFS Office of Law Enforcement (OLE)Due Date: Q4FY233.3. Objective: Remove Barriers to AquaculturePermitting as per Executive Order (E.O.) 13921 andE.O. 13807.3.3.1. Action: Work with Federal, state, and tribal agencies to implementcoordinated, efficient, timely, and cost-effective permitting of marineaquaculture in state and Federal waters.Lead Office: NOAA FisheriesSupporting Offices: NOSDue Date: Ongoing3.3.2. Action: Serve as the lead agency for aquaculture projects in federalwaters that require an EIS.Lead Office: NOAA FisheriesDue Date: Ongoing3.4. Objective: Implement Aquaculture Opportunity Areas(AOAs) as per E.O. 13921.3.4.1. Action: Identify AOAs in the Gulf of Mexico and off Southern California,then prepare programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) analysesfor the selected AOAs.Lead Office: NOAA FisheriesSupporting Office: NOSDue Date: AOA identification by May 7, 2021, completion of programmaticEISs for the two AOAs by May 7, 2023 (two years later) Action: Conduct spatial planning and stakeholder engagement toidentify location alternatives for two Aquaculture Opportunity Areas withinthe Gulf of Mexico and Southern California.Lead Office: NMFS Office of AquacultureSupporting Office: National Centers for Coastal and Ocean ScienceDue Date: May 20213.4.1.2. Action: Develop carrying capacity models to forecast productionpotential for aquaculture in AOAs and inform the programmaticenvironmental impact statement (contingent on funding).Lead Office: NMFS Office of AquacultureSupporting Office: National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science.Due Date: May 2023 for first two AOAs3.5. Objective: Improve Regulatory Transparency forAquaculture.3.5.1. Action: Develop and host a website with information regardingFederal regulatory requirements and grant programs for marine aquaculture,referencing Section 8 of E.O. 13921Lead Office: NOAA FisheriesDue Date: End January 20213.6. Objective: Develop and Implement an “AmericanSeafood” Campaign.3.6.1. Action: Work with Congress and the seafood industry to reauthorizethe Seafood Promotion Act and set up a national seafood promotion board asrecommended by NOAA’s Marine Fisheries Advisory CommitteeLead Office: NOAA FisheriesSupporting Office: NOAA Office of Legislative and Intergovernmental AffairsDue Date: Q1FY223.7. Objective: Better inform decision-making on futureinvestments and advocacy to grow the seafood sector.3.7.1. Action: Continue to provide economic time series data on the local,state and national level through the Economics: National Ocean Watch (ENOW)to public audiences and stakeholders.Lead Office: NOS Office for Coastal ManagementDue Date: Annually in June9

10NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan3.7.2. Act

NOAA 3 NOAA Blue Economy Strategic Plan I. Introduction. The United States is an ocean nation with a growing Blue Economy. In 2018, the American Blue