REICH COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONDEPARTMENT OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ANDPSYCHOLOGICAL COUNSELING (HPC)CLINICAL MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELING PROGRAMSTUDENT HANDBOOK2017-2018
2Clinical Mental Health Counseling ProgramDear Students,As the Director of the Clinical Mental Health Counseling Program (CMHC), let me extend awarm welcome to you on behalf of the faculty and staff of the Department of HumanDevelopment and Psychological Counseling (HPC), the Reich College of Education, andAppalachian State University!During your time here in the CMHC program, you will learn more about who you are as aperson and your ability to encourage and support others. As you work towards becoming aProfessional Counselor in the clinical mental health setting, please take advantage of the manyopportunities that are available to you, both on campus and off, that will help you developyour professional identity and competency as a counselor. We encourage you to becomeactive in professional organizations such as the American Counseling Association and theNorth Carolina Counseling Association.This handbook is meant to serve as your blueprint for the CMHC program and for HPCdepartment policies. It will provide you with information about your program of study,advising, field placement procedures, and ways to be involved in the program and the field ofcounseling. Consult this manual and your advisor often to ensure smooth progression throughthe program. Also keep up to date with the program by: reviewing the CMHC Program website liking us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/appstatecmhc keeping up with email listserv messages (you will be automatically registered for this)The CMHC Program at ASU is committed to excellence in counselor preparation. Wewelcome your feedback about your experience of the program. Good luck as you progressthrough this wonderful experience.Sincerely,Mark J. Schwarze, Ph.D., LPCS, NCC, LCAS, CCSDirector of the Clinical Mental Health Counseling ProgramAddiction Certificate CoordinatorDepartment of Human Development and Psychological Counseling
3Clinical Mental Health Counseling ProgramDepartment of Human Development and Psychological CounselingAppalachian State UniversityMission StatementThe mission of the RCOE/HPC Clinical Mental Health Counseling program is to develop a communityof practice that will support graduate students enrolled in HPC courses to move from novice towardsentry level mental health practitioners through the process of socially meaningful activities that developthe knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to become effective, ethical and competent counselorswith diverse clients across the human spectrum.AccreditationThe Clinical Mental Health Counseling program at Appalachian State University is accredited by theCouncil for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) under the 2009standards 2009-Standards.pdf) The accreditationruns through October 31, 2022.Legal and Ethical StandardsStudents in the Clinical Mental Health Counseling Program are held to the same standards as members ofthe counseling professional for which they are preparing. In as such, students are expected to be familiarwith and adhere to the legal and ethical codes set forth by the American Counseling Association andLicensure Boards. Please see these standards (as amended) at the organizational de-of-ethics.pdfOrganizational Structure and Physical LocationThe CMHC Program is located within the Department of Human Development and PsychologicalCounseling (http://hpc.appstate.edu/) The Department of Human Development and PsychologicalCounseling is a department within the College of Education (http://rcoe.appstate.edu/). The Dean ofthe College of Education is Dr. Melba Spooner. Dr. Lee Baruth is the Chair of the Department ofHuman Development and Psychological Counseling and the Program Director of the Clinical MentalHealth Counseling Program (http://cmhc.appstate.edu/) is Dr. Mark Schwarze.All programs that offer graduate degrees at ASU are coordinated by the School of Graduate Studies. TheSchool of Graduate Studies sets university-wide policies and udies/bulletin14/index.html) for graduate programs. The Schoolof Graduate Studies is located in 232 of the John E. Thomas Building.Clinical Mental Health Counseling Program ObjectivesThe Clinical Mental Health Counseling Master of Arts Program at Appalachian State University isdesigned to meet the state of North Carolina Board of Licensed Professional Counselor and NationalCertified Counselor standards and to prepare counselors for a wide variety of human service agencies,including, mental health centers, social service agencies, educational institutions, private practice,government, business and industry. The Masters of Arts in Clinical Mental Health Counseling is a 60hour program providing core CACREP curriculum and concentrations training in Clinical Mental HealthCounseling, addictions counseling, expressive arts therapy, body-centered therapy or marriage andfamily counseling. The community of practice combines classroom instruction with structured practicalexperiences to prepare students as counselors. The program is designed to accommodate full and parttime students with experience in human services, either as a paraprofessional or professional prior toentering the program. The faculty and students work together to create an inclusive environment thatfosters personal and professional growth and development.The program attempts to produce counselors who are leaders and advocates as they carry out their rolesin counseling, consultation, and coordination. Students will demonstrate an understanding of appropriate
4skills and attitudes involving:1. The nature and needs of individuals at all developmental levels; normal and abnormal humanbehavior; personality theory within cultural contexts.2. Societal changes and trends; human roles; societal subgroups, noting specific cultural,historical, political and sociological influences; social mores and interaction patterns; anddiffering life styles.3. Historical and philosophic bases of helping processes; counseling theories and theirapplications; helper self-understanding and self development; the facilitation of the stages ofchange in clients; counseling theories and their application to clients across the lifespan.4. Group development, dynamics, and counseling theories; group leadership styles; groupcounseling methods and skills; and other group approaches.5. Career development theories; occupational and educational information sources and systems;career and leisure counseling, guidance, and education; lifestyle and career decision-making;and career development program planning, resources and evaluation.6. Group and individual educational and psychometric theories and approaches to appraisal;data and information gathering methods; validity and reliability; psychometric statistics;factors influencing appraisals; and use of appraisal results in helping processes.7. Types of research; basic statistics; research-report development; research implementation;program evaluation; needs assessment; and legal and ethical considerations.8. Professional roles and functions; professional goals and objectives; professionalorganizations and associations; professional history, trends; ethical and legal standards;professional preparation standards; and professional credentialing.9. The foundations of Clinical Mental Health Counseling including history, philosophy,trends, purpose and objectives, ethics, legal aspects, standards, and roles withinagencies.10. Specialized studies related to the roles of community counselors and the particular setting andclient population with which students intend to work.
5Meet the FacultyKaren Caldwell, PhD is a Professor in the Department of Human Development and PsychologicalCounseling at Appalachian State University, a licensed professional counselor in Virginia, and alicensed marriage and family therapist in North Carolina. She completed a PhD in Family and ChildDevelopment from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, a M. Div. from SoutheasternBaptist Theological Seminary, and a B. A. from Mars Hill College. Dr. Caldwell is an ApprovedAAMFT Supervisor.Dominique Hammonds, PhD is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Human Development andPsychological Counseling at Appalachian State University in Boone, NC. She earned her Ph.D. inCounseling from The University of North Carolina at Charlotte and her Master’s in Clinical MentalHealth Counseling from The University of North Carolina at Greensboro. She is a LicensedProfessional Counselor, Distance Certified Counselor, and National Certified Counselor. Dr.Hammonds’ research interests include the use of technology in counseling and counselor education,clinical supervision, non-substance behavioral addictions, and program development. She lives inGastonia, NC with her husband and son.Geri Miller, PhD Diplomate in Counseling Psychology, American Board of Professional Psychology,is a Professor in the Department of Human Development and Psychological Counseling (ClinicalMental Health Counseling Track) at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina. In NorthCarolina, Dr. Miller is a Licensed Psychologist, a Licensed Professional Counselor, a Licensed ClinicalAddictions Specialist, and a Substance Abuse Professional Practice Board Certified ClinicalSupervisor. She has also received a Certificate of Proficiency in the Treatment of Alcohol and otherPsychoactive Substance Use Disorders from the American Psychological Association College ofProfessional Psychology. Dr. Miller has worked in the counseling profession since 1976 and in theaddictions field since 1979. She is a volunteer with the American Red Cross Disaster Mental HealthServices and works as a volunteer psychologist at the Watauga County Health Department. Dr. Millerhas published and presented research on counseling. In 2003 she published a book with Wiley,Incorporating Spirituality in Counseling and Psychotherapy. In 2015 she published a fourth edition ofher book on addiction counseling, Learning the Language of Addiction Counseling, with Wiley. In2011, Wiley published her book, Fundamentals of Crisis Counseling, and in 2012 published her book,Group Exercises for Addiction Counseling. She is currently a member of the American PsychologicalAssociation's Psychology of Religion (Division 36) and Addictions (Division 50) and the AmericanCounseling Association's divisions of the Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values inCounseling (ASERVIC) and the International Association of Addictions and Offender Counselors(IAAOC). She on the North Carolina Substance Abuse Professional Practice Board and the NorthCarolina Counseling Association Board.Christina Rosen, EdD is an Associate Professor in the Human Development and PsychologicalCounseling Department at Appalachian State University. Her 27 years of experience as a ProfessionalClinical Counselor Specializing in Addiction Counseling, includes 21 years as a Supervisor and 10years as a Counselor Educator. Dr. Rosen’s presentations and publications include supervision, ethics,dual diagnosis, relapse prevention, and chemical dependency. She has 17 publications, and over 50professional and community presentations.
6Mark Schwarze, PhD is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Human Development andPsychological Counseling and Director of the Clinical Mental Health Counseling program andAddiction Certificate Coordinator at Appalachian State University in Boone, NC. He has a Ph.D. inCounselor Education and Supervision from North Carolina State University and a Masters Degree inService Agency Counseling from the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. He is a LicensedProfessional Counselor Supervisor, Nationally Certified Counselor, Licensed Clinical AddictionSpecialist, and Certified Clinical Supervisor. His research interests include mindfulness interventions incounseling, addictions therapy improvement, and counselor education program development.Melia Snyder, PhD is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Human Development andPsychological Counseling’s Clinical Mental Health Counseling program and the coordinator of theExpressive Arts Therapy Certificate at Appalachian State University in Boone, NC. She has a Ph.D. inCounseling from University of North Carolina at Charlotte and a Masters Degree in Clinical MentalHealth Counseling from Appalachian State University where she also completed a Post MastersGraduate Certificate in Expressive Arts Therapy. She is a Licensed Professional Counselor and aNationally Certified Counselor. Her research interests include salutogenesis, the promotion of health,through counseling and expressive arts; ecotherapy and wellbeing; and, developing multicultural andsocial justice attitudes through faculty-lead short term study abroad experiences. She is a poet, writer,and explorer of the land and rivers surrounding Boone, NC.For the 2017-2018 academic year, the following roles are designated as such:Program Director: Dr. Mark SchwarzeClinical Field Experience Coordinator: Dr. Christina RosenAddiction Certificate Coordinator: Dr. Mark SchwarzeExpressive Arts Therapy Certificate Coordinator: Dr. Melia SnyderTesting Coordinator: Dr. Dominique HammondsFor scheduling, registration, and graduate assistantship questions, please see Ms. Margaret Hardin.All our faculty function as Student Advisors and are accessible to you at regular intervals for advisingand upon request. Please schedule appointments with your advisor during office hours.
7PROGRAM OF STUDYClinical Mental Health Counseling CurriculumStudents majoring in the Clinical Mental Health Counseling curriculum leading to a Master of Arts degree willtake the courses listed below. This program is designed to meet the need for advanced preparation ofcounselors and other helping professionals who work in a variety of human service agencies (including mentalhealth centers, social service agencies, business and industry employee assistance programs, and others). Inaddition to the core curriculum, students can select, in cooperation with their advisor, from a variety ofelective courses that will help their individual career objectives. Specialized concentrations are available aslisted below including a general concentration for students who choose to design, along with their advisor,their own emphasis.Master of Arts in Clinical Mental Health CounselingHours: 60 semester hoursRequired CACREP Core CoursesRESResearch Methods(3)Multicultural Counseling(3)Psychological and Educational Testing(3)Life and Career Planning(3)Counseling Theory and Techniques(3)Helping Relationships(3)Individual and Family Development(3)Group Methods and 5HPC5272HPC5790Required CMHC Specialty CoursesHPCIntroduction to Clinical Mental Health Counseling(3)Legal and Ethical Issues in Clinical Mental Health Counseling*(3)Developmental Assessment and Diagnosis in Clinical Mental Health Counseling*(3)5120HPC5752HPC6120Required Clinical Field PlacementHPCPracticum in Counseling** (Prerequisites: HPC 5120, HPC 5220, HPC 5225, HPC 5752, HPC 5790 and approval of5900department chairperson; for clinical mental health counseling majors only)HPCInternship in Clinical Mental Health Counseling** (Prerequisites: HPC 5120, HPC 5220, HPC 5225, HPC 5752, HPC 5790,6900HPC 5900, HPC 6120, and approval of department chairperson; for clinical mental health counseling majors only)(3)(6)
8Subtotal Hours: 42Concentration and/or Guided Elective Hours: 18Total Hours: 60* Please note these courses have prerequisites. See below for courses with prerequisites.CONCENTRATIONSEach student will select a concentration and complete the required internship (HPC 6900) designed tomeet the objectives within each concentration. Additionally, students can apply for and completeseparate requirements for a Graduate Certificate in Addictions Counseling or Expressive Arts Therapy.Addictions Counseling Concentration (Code: 709B) HPC 5560: The Addictive Process (3)HPC 5570: Counseling the Addicted Person (3)Choose one of the following courseso HPC 5274: Substance Abuse in Family Systems (3)o HPC 5710: Helping the Troubled Employee (3)o HPC 6570: The Appalachian Addictions Institute (3)o HPC 6770: Current Issues and Special Populations in Addictions Counseling (3)Body Centered Therapy Concentration (Code: 709C) HPC 5870: Creative Process, Movement and Therapy (3)HPC 6350: Body/Mind (3)HPC 6355: Mindfulness Based Counseling (3)Expressive Arts Therapy Concentration (Code: 709E) HPC 6360: Therapy and the Expressive Arts (3)HPC 6370: Intermodal Expressive Arts (3)HPC 6390: Current Issues in Expressive Arts Therapy (3)Marriage and Family Counseling Concentration (Code: 709F)The Marriage and Family Counseling concentration is not designed to meet clinical membershiprequirements of the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT) or licensure inNorth Carolina as a marriage and family therapist. The program designed to meet these requirements isdescribed in the bulletin under Marriage and Family Therapy. HPC 5270: Theories of Marriage and Family Therapy I (3)Choose two of the following courseso HPC 5271: Theories of Marriage and Family Therapy II (3)o HPC 5273: Mediation and Divorce Therapy (3)o HPC 5274: Substance Abuse in Family Systems (3)o HPC 5275: Systemic Family Therapy Institute (3)o HPC 6270: Marriage and Family Counseling: Clinical Issues (3)o HPC 6271: Theories of Marriage and Family Therapy III (3)o HPC 6710: Human Sexuality (3)o HPC 6730: Sexual Abuse Counseling (3)
9Clinical Mental Health Counseling, General Concentration (709D):This is a specialized concentration that is available for students who choose to design, along with theirgraduate advisor, their own emphasis in clinical mental health counseling. An individualized emphasismay be designed around a student’s specific interest. 9 s.h. of graduate electives (SEE ELECTIVES LIST BELOW*)LIST OF SUGGESTED ELECTIVES:The total number of elective hours depends on the selected concentration above. Students may takeother graduate courses as electives (with the advice and the approval of the student’s graduate advisor)provided that they have taken any necessary prerequisites for the course. DAN 5460: Somatics (3)HPC 5130: Women’s Issues in Counseling (3)HPC 5680: Counseling the Aging (3)HPC 5850: Theory and Practice of Reality Therapy (3)HPC 5860: Dreamwork: Clinical Methods (3)HPC 5870: Creative Process, Movement and Therapy (3)HPC 6160: Gestalt Therapy (3)HPC 6340: Ecotherapy(3)HPC 6350: Body/Mind (3)HPC 6355: Mindfulness Based Counseling (3)HPC 6360: Therapy and the Expressive Arts (3)HPC 6365: Expressive Arts Summer Institute (3-9)HPC 6366: EXA Child/Adolescents (3-6)HPC 6370: Intermodal Expressive Arts (3)HPC 6380: Theraputic Writing (3)HPC 6730: Sexual Abuse Counseling (3)MUS 5060: Bonny Method of GIM (3)PSY 5565: Adolescent Psychology (3)PROGRAM OF STUDYIt is the student’s responsibility to develop a plan of study with her/his advisor before completing 30semester hours of course work. Failure to complete a plan of study before 30 semester hours willresult in the Graduate School placing a block on students’ further ability to register for classes thefollowing semester. In planning this plan, students should take the required courses (excludingInternship) prior to taking the comprehensive exam.ADVISEMENTStudents are assigned advisors during the admissions process. The advisor assignment is listed on theletter of acceptance to the program. Upon receiving their acceptance letters, new students shouldcontact their advisors via email. Counseling students are required to meet with their advisors duringtheir first semester of admission to the Counseling Programs to design program of study plans. It isthe responsibility of each student to initiate scheduling of advising meetings initially and insubsequent semesters. During these meetings the advisor and the student will develop Programs ofStudy, discuss professional and academic development, and navigate program requirements.
10GRADUATE CERTIFICATESThe department offers two graduate certificate programs:Addiction Counseling Certificate:The Addictions Counseling Certificate is a 12-hour program of study. Courses are offered duringregular fall and spring semesters, as well as a summer institute. Students must take four of thefollowing Addictions Counseling courses. Courses do not have to be taken in any specificorder. Students within a Master’s program may be able to complete the Certificate within the normallength of their program; however, there is no guarantee that they will be able to obtain all the classesrequired prior to their graduation date. It may be necessary for some students to complete theircertificate after they have graduated.Courses:The following courses do not need to be taken in any specific order. Prerequisites for classes need to bewaived by the administrator of the addictions concentration. Courses with the **** are mandatory.Students in the CMHC degree program must have a CCS or CSI as a supervisor for the internshipcourse.****HPC 5560 The Addictive Process****HPC 5570 Counseling the Addicted Person****HPC 6570 Appalachian Addictions Institute (offered every summer session and can be taken twicefor credit) linkHPC 5274 Substance Abuse in Family SystemsHPC 5710 Helping the Troubled Employee (offered on demand)HPC 6770 Current Issues and Special Populations in Addictions Counseling (offered on demand)Expressive Arts Therapy Certificate:Appalachian State University offers a Post Master's Graduate Certificate in Expressive Arts Therapy.Individuals who hold a master's degree in counseling or other mental health related area or a master'sdegree in an arts therapy field are eligible to apply. In addition, students pursuing a master's degree inthe Human Development and Psychological Counseling Department or the Department of Social Workmay pursue the Graduate Certificate in Expressive Arts Therapy in addition to and in conjunction withtheir master's degree. The Graduate Certificate In Expressive Arts Therapy requires 18 hours ofcoursework.Required Courses for Expressive Arts Therapy Graduate Certificate (18 semester hours) HPC 6360: Therapy and the Expressive Arts (3)HPC 6370: Intermodal Expressive Arts Therapy (pre-requisite HPC 6360) (3)HPC 6390: Current Issues in Expressive Arts (pre-requisite HPC 6360) (3)9 additional semester hours of course work selected with the advice and approval of thegraduate advisorElective Courses in Expressive Arts Therapy DAN 5460: Somatics (3)HPC 5860: Dreamwork: Clinical Methods (3)
11HPC 5900: Practicum in Counseling (with a focus on expressive arts) (1-9)HPC 6160: Gestalt Therapy (3)HPC 6350: Body/Mind (3)HPC 6900: Internship (with a focus on expressive arts) (1-18)MUS 5060: Guided Imagery and Music, Level 1 (3)Practicum and Internship Portfolio Option:Students using the expressive arts in practicum or internship settings may also count 3 credit hours ofPracticum or 3 credit hours of Internship towards the certificate so long as they complete the followingexpressive arts portfolio requirements in addition to the successful completion of practicum orinternship requirements. The purpose of the portfolio is to provide documentation of studentunderstanding and practice of expressive arts therapy and for the future possibility of becoming aRegistered Expressive Arts Therapist through the International Expressive Arts Therapy Association.
12POLICIES AND PROCEDURESStudents are advised that changes to the Policies and Procedures outlined below may change during thecourse of students’ program. Student will be notified of any changes through communication channelsand access to the new Policies and Procedures will be provided.Competencies, standards, expectations, and legal/ethical codes referred to throughout the CMHChandbook refer directly to competencies, standards, expectations, and legal/ethical codes outlined in the2009 CACREP Standards 2009-Standards.pdf)and ACA Code of Ethics thics.pdf ) as amended.The ASU Graduate School Bulletin and “Selected Policies and Procedures” Handbook available in theHPC office provides information on liability insurance, academic appeals, retention policy, personalendorsement policy, admission policies, and placement services.HPC Departmental Competencies & Expectations: Gain the necessary knowledge, skills, and understandings as identified in program materialsKnow, understand, and apply all appropriate legal and ethical standardsDevelop facilitative and therapeutic interpersonal skillsDevelop the personal qualities necessary to integrate and apply acquired knowledge and skillsDemonstrate positive professional behaviors as outlined in the Counselor Competencies ScaleDemonstrate good judgment and appropriate emotional functioning prior to contact with clients inany practicum or internship.Program faculty reserve the right to remove any student from the program at any point in the programfor failing to meet any of the above standards, competencies and/or expectations.Note: Those students who are recovering from a personal addiction to alcohol or drugs are expectedto have 12 months of continuous sobriety prior to registering for the Practicum in Counseling and 15months of continuous sobriety prior to registering for the Internship.CMHC Academic Standards for Retention:I.The university, graduate school, and program/departmental faculty are committed to establishing areflective environment that promotes counselor competence, strong professional ethics and values,personal integrity and a sense of responsibility towards meeting the needs of individuals and familiesfrom diverse populations. Maintain an overall GPA of 3.0 or higher; Earn no more than three final grades of C in the program of study (including repeated courses); Earn a Satisfactory in all applicable field courses (HPC 5900, HPC 6900); Complete all course prerequisites as outlined in the appropriate courses of study; Complete all program requirements with prerequisite subsequent courses/fieldwork/ graduationAppalachian State University’s Academic Integrity Code is designed to create an atmosphere of trust,respect, fairness, honesty, and responsibility. The Academic Integrity Code outlines “user-friendly”procedures and mechanisms for resolving alleged violations of academic integrity. The AcademicIntegrity Code is the result of cooperation among Appalachian’s faculty, students, and administrators,and promotes a campus dialogue about academic integrity. All members of the Appalachian StateUniversity community are responsible for promoting an ethical learning environment.The Academic Integrity CodeStudents attending Appalachian State University agree to abide by the following Code:
13Students will not lie, cheat, or steal to gain academic advantage.Students will oppose every instance of academic dishonesty.Students shall agree to abide by the Academic Integrity Code when submitting the admission application.http://academicintegrity.appstate.edu/ NOTE: Students are dismissed from the CMHC Program if they earn more than three final grades ofa C, any final grade lower than a C, or if they earn an Unsatisfactory in a field course (HPC 5900,HPC 6900).Also, in order to graduate the program, students must pass the Counselor Preparation ComprehensiveExam (CPCE). See below for CPCE exam remediation policy implemented for students who fail topass the exam.A grievance on the part of any student will be processed as described in the Appalachian StateUniversity Graduate Bulletin: Graduate Student Appeals Processes:Students have the right to appeal any decision concerning course grades, termination from their graduateprogram or termination from their graduate assistantship. Appeals involving grades or other facultyrelated issues are handled through the department and the dean of the academic college or school housingthe department. There are detailed procedures and strict timelines for grade appeals. See "Grade Appeals"for more information.Appeals involving termination from an assistantship or termination from a graduate program (e.g., denialof admission to candidacy, denial of a probationary term, etc.) are handled through the program and theGraduate School. The steps in this procedure are as follows. Appeal to the program through the Program Director and/or the Department Chair.If the situation cannot be resolved at the program level, appeal to the Graduate School bysubmitting documentation in writing to the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies. The programwill also be given an opportunity to provide written documentation about the situation.Appeals denied by the Graduate School will automatically be sent to the Graduate Council'sAppeals Committee for review. The Appeals Committee is an ad hoc subcommittee of theGraduate Council consisting of graduate faculty from three departments other than the student'shome department; the Committee meets only on demand and does not usually meet with thestudent or the program. The Committee's decision is binding.Allegations of discrimination will be handled according to University discrimination policiesadministered by the Office of Equity, Diversity, and Compliance (828-2622144 orhttp://edc.appstate.edu/contact ).Allegations of sexual harassment will be handled according to University institutional policies onsexual harassment administered by the Office of Equity, Diversity, and Compliance (828-2622144 orhttp://edc.appstate.edu/contact ).CMHC Professional Behavior Standard
Expressive Arts Therapy Certificate at Appalachian State University in Boone, NC. She has a Ph.D. in Counseling from University of North Carolina at Charlotte and a Masters Degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Appalachian State University where she also completed a Post Masters