Transcription

Citrix XenConvert GuideXenConvert 2.1.1Revision 3April 6, 2010

CopyrightUse of the product documented in this guide is subject to your prior acceptance of the End User License Agreement.Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Companies, names, and data used in examples herein arefictitious unless otherwise noted. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express written permission of Citrix Systems, Inc. 2009 Citrix Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Xen and Citrix are registered trademarks, and Citrix Provisioning Services, XenConvert and XenServer are trademarks ofCitrix Systems, Inc. in the United States and other countries.Trademark AcknowledgementsMicrosoft, Windows, Windows Server are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the UnitedStates and/or other countries.All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.Document Code: April 6, 2010 (MS)

C ONTENTSContentsChapter 1IntroductionAbout This Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Related Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3About XenConvert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4About Virtualization Formats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4About XVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4About OVF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5About Converting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5Choosing the Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Choosing the Destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Starting XenConvert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Reviewing the Log File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Chapter 2Release NotesWhat’s New in This Release. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Converting and Resizing Multiple Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9Faster Conversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Compatible with Project Kensho 1.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Test XenServer Default Storage Repository. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Known Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Windows Basic Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Remote Desktop Connection to Windows 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10Extensibile Firmware Interface (EFI) Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10GUID Partition Table (GPT) Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10OVF Package. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11Known Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11Network Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11Problem Ejecting Citrix Virtual Hard Disk Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11Chapter 3Installing XenConvert

2Citrix XenConvert GuideSystem Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13Host Machine Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14Virtual Machine or Virtual Disk Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16Installing XenConvert Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17Uninstalling XenConvert Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Chapter 4Configuring XenConvertExclude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20Chapter 5Using XenConvertConverting From a Physical Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21Preparing the Source Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Choosing Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22Physical Machine to VHD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25Physical Machine to XenServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26Physical Machine to OVF Package. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Physical Machine to Provisioning Services vDisk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29Converting From VMware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30Converting from VMware using OVF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Converting from VMware like a Physical Machine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Converting from VMware using VMDK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31VMDK to XenServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32VMDK to VHD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32Converting From an OVF Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33Converting From XVA V2 to an OVF Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36Virtual Server VM to XVA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36Virtual Server VM to XenServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37VHD to OVF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38VHD to XenServer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38Converting a Single Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39Chapter 6Troubleshooting a ConversionWindows AutoPlay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41Windows Automount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41Security Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42

C HAPTER 2IntroductionThis chapter provides an introduction to XenConvert, which includes thefollowing information: “About This Document” “About XenConvert” “About Virtualization Formats” “About Converting”About This DocumentThis document provides instructions on installing and using Citrix XenConvertsoftware. This document is organized as follows: “Release Notes” highlights new features and identifies known issues. “Installing XenConvert” describes how to install the XenConvert software. “Using XenConvert” describes how to use XenConvert to convert aworkload from one format to another that is compatibe with CitrixXenServer and Provisioning Services.This document is intended for XenServer and Provisioning Services systemadministrators and software installers. It is assumed that readers are familiar withbasic installation and system management tasks for Microsoft Windows operatingsystems.Related InformationAdditional information about Citrix XenServer and Citrix Provisioning Servicesmay also be required during installation and use of this product. This informationcan be found at the following locations: XenServer: http://support.citrix.com/product/xens/ Provisioning Services: http://support.citrix.com/product/provsvr/

4Citrix XenConvert GuideAbout XenConvertCitrix XenConvert is both a physical-to-virtual (P2V) and virtual-to-virtual(V2V) conversion tool.As a P2V tool, XenConvert can convert a server or desktop workload from anonline physical machine running Windows, to a XenServer virtual machine orProvisioning Services vDisk.As a V2V tool, XenConvert can convert a server or desktop workload from anoffline virtual machine or disk, containing any guest operating systems includingWindows and Linux, to a XenServer virtual machine.Installing the Provisioning Services Target Device software before convertingenables the provisioning of a workload for streaming to a physical machine orXenServer virtual machine.XenConvert uses OVF technology from Citrix Project Kensho to describe andmigrate physical and virtual machines efficiently using an open format. Refer to“About OVF” for more information about OVF.About Virtualization FormatsThis section provides an introduction to the following virtualization formatssupported by XenConvert: “About XVA” “About OVF”About XVAXVA is the original format of a Xen Virtual Appliance. There are two versions ofXVA, which are referred to as XVA V1 and XVA V2 in this document. XVA V1includes the following files and folders. ova.xml; meta-data file defining the properties of a Xen VM hda; folder containing one or more compressed ‘chunks’ of a virtual harddisk.XVA 2 format is a single file archive of files that comprise a Xen VirtualAppliance. XenCenter can import both formats but only exports in XVA V2.XenConvert can convert XVA V2 to OVF and only produces XVA V1.

Chapter 2Introduction5About OVFOVF is the Open Virtualization Format. It is a standard defined by the DistributedManagement Task Force (DMTF) that describes virtual machines in the form ofan OVF Package or Open Virtualization Appliance (OVA) Package.An OVF Package consists of a descriptor file (*.ovf) and any other filesrepresenting the following attributes of the package:SignatureDigital signature used by a public key certificate in the X.509 format toauthenticate the producer of the package.ManifestSHA-1 digest of every file in the package to verify its contents by detecting anycorruption.Virtual disksFiles comprising virtual disks in the format defined by the virtualization productthat exported the virtual disks. VMware products export a virtual disk in theStream-Optimized VMDK format for an OVF Package. XenServer productsexport a virtual disk in the Dynamic VHD format for an OVF Package.Note A virtual disk can contain a Windows or Linux operating system.An OVA package is a single archive file, in the Tape Archive (tar) format,containing the files that comprise an OVF Package.Refer to the following documents for more information about OVF: Overview of the Open Virtualization Format (http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX121652) Open Virtualization Format Specification (http://www.dmtf.org/standards/published documents/DSP0243 1.0.0.pdf)About ConvertingConverting with XenConvert consists of the following steps:1.“Choosing the Source”2.“Choosing the Destination”3.“Starting XenConvert”4.“Reviewing the Log File”

6Citrix XenConvert GuideThe combination of source and destination types comprise a conversion type.Choosing the SourceThe choice of source depends on the form in which your workload exists: Physical machine OVF VHD VMDK Microsoft Virtual Server VM XVA V2Choosing the DestinationThe destination for the conversion depends on the source type and yourenvironment, including connectivity to your XenServer or Provisioning Serverand the features of another virtualization platform.Since the source type is known, the following table organizes conversions bydestination type.DestinationSummaryChoose when.XenServerA virtual machine thatincludes one virtual disk on aXenServer.XenServer is reachable from themachine that is or contains thesource.OVF Package A virtual machine thatincludes one virtual disk in theOVF residing on the localsystem.XenServer is unreachable fromthe machine that is or containsthe source.Publishing a virtual appliance.VHDA virtual disk in the VHDfile format on the localsystem.XenServer is unreachable fromthe machine that is or containsthe source.All other methods wereunsuccessful.ProvisioningServicesvDiskA virtual disk used with CitrixProvisioning Services.Using XenConvert on a sourcemachine with an activeconnection to ProvisioningServices.

Chapter 2Introduction7Converting to any destination other than Provisioning Services vDisk requiressufficient disk space for a workspace to store intermediate files. For bestperformance, choose a local hard disk that has the fastest interface, doesn’tinclude the source, and is not a network drive.Starting XenConvertTo start XenConvert in attended mode using the wizard, from the Windows Startmenu, click All Programs Citrix XenConvert XenConvert. The CitrixXenConvert Welcome screen appears. Refer to “Using XenConvert” chapter fordetails.To start XenConvert in an unattended mode from a console shell, from theXenConvert installation directory, type XenConvert.exe followed by thename, parameters, and options of a conversion in the following order:start /b /wait XenConvert Conversion Name Parameters [ Options ]To show the names, parameters, and options specific to a conversion:XenConvert /?Note Only one instance of the XenConvert wizard can run at a time. More thanone instance of XenConvert can run at a time when started from the commandline. However, it is impractical to run more than one conversion from a physicalmachine at a time. This is especially true on Windows Vista and Server 2008 andlater because XenConvert uses snapshots.Reviewing the Log FileAfter the conversion process completes, you can view the results by opening thelog file.XenConvert logs informational, warning, and error messages to its log file,XenConvert.txt, in the installation folder. XenConvert also logs usage errorsto its log file when run as a console program.XenConvert returns an exit code of zero for success and non-zero for failure.

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C HAPTER 3Release NotesThis chapter contains information relevant to this release of XenConvertsoftware. This information includes: “What’s New in This Release” “Known Limitations” “Known Issues”What’s New in This ReleaseThis release adds many new conversion features.Converting and Resizing Multiple VolumesXenConvert can now convert and resize multiple volumes from a physicalmachine to all destinations: VHD OVF Package XenServer Provisioning Services vDisk.For conversions to VHD, OVF Package, and XenServer, XenConvertautomatically resizes the virtual disk to accommodate the used space of theselected volumes, the free space requested for each volume, and any unallocatedspace requested for the virtual disk.For the conversion to a Provisioning Services vDisk, XenConvert canautomatically resize the volumes on the destination disk so they fit in theProvisioning Services vDisk by changing their amount of free space. After givingfirst preference to the Windows Boot Volume, the free space amounts of othervolumes are allocated proportionately.

10Citrix XenConvert GuideFaster ConversionsMost conversions now use OVF technology with dynamic (sparse) VHDsresulting in faster conversion times and lower free space requirements on thelocal disk.Compatible with Project Kensho 1.3XenConvert produces and consumes an OVF Package compatible with ProjectKensho 1.3 including new features such as EULA and compression method.Test XenServer Default Storage RepositoryFor conversions to XenServer, test the availability of a default storage repositoryrequired by XenConvert. Also, for conversions from ‘This Machine toXenServer’, test for sufficient free space on the default storage repository.Known LimitationsThis section describes known limitations for XenConvert.Windows Basic DiskXenConvert can only convert volumes from a disk configured as a WindowsBasic Disk and not a Windows Dynamic Disk.Remote Desktop Connection to Windows 2000XenConvert cannot run from a Terminal Services session when the TerminalServer is a Window 2000 operating system because Windows 2000 does notexpose all devices created by XenConvert to a Terminal Session. Mounting aVHD either fails after several minutes or does not appear to finish. This issuedoes not occur when connecting using Virtual Network Computing (VNC).Extensibile Firmware Interface (EFI) SystemsXenConvert cannot convert from Windows on an EFI system.GUID Partition Table (GPT) DiskXenConvert cannot convert a Windows System Volume from a Windows GPTDisk.

Chapter 3Release Notes11OVF PackageXenConvert cannot encrypt and compress an OVF Package at the same time.XenConvert cannot create an OVA with a file that has a size greater than 8 GB.Known IssuesThis section describes known issues for XenConvert. Wherever possible, aworkaround for the problem is included.Network DrivesXenConvert cannot mount a VHD when a network drive was mapped to the nextavailable drive letter after the last local drive.To workaround this limitation, remap the network drive to a drive letter other thanthe lowest one available. For information about a similar issue, see http://support.microsoft.com/kb/ 297694/. While this article pertains to Windows XP,the problem also affects Windows Server 2003 when automount is enabled.Problem Ejecting Citrix Virtual Hard DiskMessagesThe following messages might appear during any conversion that creates anintermediate VHD: Problem Ejecting Citrix Virtual Hard Disk: The device 'Generic volume'cannot be stopped right now. Try stopping the device again later. Problem Ejecting Citrix Virtual Hard Disk: The device 'Citrix Virtual HardDisk' cannot be stopped because of an unknown error. Since the device isstill being used, do not remove it.These messages may appear if applications or services, such as a virus scan or theWindows Autoplay feature, open a file on the mounted VHD. This is because theopen file prevents a dismount.Issue # 7308

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C HAPTER 4Installing XenConvertDownload the XenConvert installer from the download page for XenServer orfrom the download page for Provisioning Services (http://www.citrix.com).System RequirementsThe tables that follow provide the system requirements for: Host machine used to perform conversions (“Host MachineRequirements”). Virtual machine or virtual disk being converted (“Virtual Machine orVirtual Disk Requirements”).

14XenConvert Installation GuideHost Machine RequirementsThe table that follows lists the minimum requirements for installing XenConverton the machine used for gSystem usedto createvirtual disksfor use witheitherProvisioningServices andXenServerProvisioningServices (vDisk )Microsoft Windows 32 and 64-bitWindows Server 2003 SP1; all editionsWindows Server 2003 R2; all editionsWindows Server 2008; all editionsWindows XP Professional EditionWindow Vista:- Business Edition- Enterprise Edition- Ultimate Edition with retail licensingWindows 7; all editionsWindows Server 2008 R2 (experimentalonly)XenServerVersion 5.0 (withupdates 1, 2 and 3),5.5, and 5.6 BetaMicrosoft Windows 32-bit and 64-bitWindows Server 2003 SP1- Standard- EnterpriseWindows Server 2003 R2- Standard- EnterpriseWindows Small Business Server 2003 SP1Windows Small Business Server 2003 R2Windows Small Business Server 2008Windows Server 2008- Standard- EnterpriseWindows XP Professional EditionWindows 2000 SP4 with Security UpdateVersion 835732- Professional- Server- Advanced ServerWindows VistaWindows 7; all editionsWindows Server 2008 R2 (64-bit only)All.Net Framework 2.0 SP1Note: If necessary, XenConvert installs.Net Framework 2.0 SP1.NetFramework

Chapter 4Installing XenConvertComponentConversionRequirementDisk SpaceFor XenConvert4 MB XenConvert x326 MB XenConvert x64For .NetFramework1 GB Recommended610 MB required for Net Framework x64280 MB .required for Net Framework x86For XVA to OVFFree disk space must be at least 200% ofthe XVA size.15

16XenConvert Installation GuideVirtual Machine or Virtual Disk RequirementsThe following table lists the requirements of a virtual machine or virtual disk toconvert.Requirements for a Virtual Machine or Virtual Disk to ConvertSupported WindowsGuest64-bitWindows Server 2003; Standard, Enterprise SP1/SP2Windows Server 2003 R2; Standard, Enterprise SP1/SP2Windows XP SP1/SP2/SP3Windows Server 2008; SP1/SP2Windows Vista; SP1/SP2Windows Server 2008 R2:- Standard- EnterpriseWindows 732-bitWindows Server 2003; Standard, Enterprise SP1/SP2Windows Server 2003 R2; Standard, Enterprise SP1/SP2Windows Small Business Server 2003 SP1/SP2Windows XP SP1/SP2/SP3Windows 2000 SP4Windows Server 2008; SP1/SP2Windows Vista; SP1/SP2Windows 7Supported LinuxGuests64-bitCentOS 5.2Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 5.2Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux 10 SP1/SP232-bitCentOS 5.2Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 5.2Suse Linux Enterprise Server 5.2Novell SUSE Enterprise Server 9 SP2/SP3/SP4Novell SUSE Enterprise Server 10 SP1Debian 4.0

Chapter 4Installing XenConvert17Requirements for a Virtual Machine or Virtual Disk to ConvertVHD Formats(*.vhd)Fixed and Dynamic VHD from Microsoft Virtual Server2005 R2 SP1Fixed and Dynamic VHD from HyperVVMDK Formats(*.vmdk)Stream-optimized VMDKFlat Monolithic VMDKFlat Extent VMDKSparse Extent VMDKVirtual MachineFormatsVirtual Machine Configuration (*.vmc) from MicrosoftVirtual Server 2005 R2 SP2OVF (*.ovf)XVA (*.xva)Note When converting a virtual machine or virtual disk, the version ofWindows on the XenConvert host must be later than the version of Windows inthe virtual machine or virtual disk.Installing XenConvert Programs1.Remove any previously installed versions of XenConvert.Note For Windows 2000, the Microsoft Security Patch must be installed(refer to KB 835732).2.Start the appropriate installation wizard: XenConvert Install.exe XenConvert Install 64.exe3.Click Next on the Welcome page. The License Agreement screen appears.4.Click to select any of the following options: Print (optional) to print a copy of the License Agreement. I accept. , then Next to continue the installation. I do not accept to terminate the installation.The Destination Folder screen appears.

18XenConvert Installation Guide5.Click Next to install XenConvert in the default directory or click Changeto change the directory.6.Click Next. The Ready to Install the Program screen appears.7.Click Install. The Installing XenConvert screen displays, showing theinstallation progress.8.After the InstallShield Wizard Complete screen appears, click Finish.For details on using the XenConvert Wizard, refer to the chapter titled “UsingXenConvert”.Uninstalling XenConvert ProgramsOn Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 20031) Open the Control Panel, then select Add or Remove Programs.2) Select Citrix XenConvert, then click Remove.On Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, and Windows Server2008 R21) Open the Control Panel, then select Programs and Features.2) Select Citrix XenConvert, then click Uninstall.

C HAPTER 5Configuring XenConvertChange the default behavior of XenConvert by changing a parameter in itsconfiguration file, XenConvert.ini, which is located in the installationfolder.The format of XenConvert.ini is the format of a INI file commonly used inWindows. XenConvert recognizes the following sections: “Exclude” “Mode” “Parameters”ExcludeThe exclude section is a list of files to exclude from the conversion.ModeThe mode section affects the lists of source and destination types shown in thewizard. To limit the types only applicable to Provisioning Services, add thefollowing line to the mode section:PVS

20Citrix XenConvert GuideParametersThe parameters section can contain zero or more of the parameters shown inthe following table:NameDescriptionAutoDismountTimeoutAsMsNumber of milliseconds to wait before retrying toautomatically dismount a VHD. Default is 60seconds.Default is 60000 (60 seconds).VhdPluginTimeoutAsMsNumber of milliseconds to wait for a VHD tomount.Default is 600000 (10 minutes).XvaChunkSizeMaximum size of a file that is part of a compressedvirtual disk within an XVA. Dividing an XVA virtualdisk into “chunks” simplifies their transfer over anetwork.Default is 1000000000 (bytes).PartitionOffsetBaseThe absolute offset, measured in bytes, to place thefirst partition. Use this parameter to align the firstpartition on a boundary that is optimal for a storagedevice.For example, for some SANs, virtual disk access isoptimal when the offset is 1 MB.For Provisioning Services, an offset that is a multipleof the cluster size of the NTFS that stores aProvisioning Services virtual disk.Default is 258048 (63 * 4096) bytes for use withProvisioning Services virtual disks on an NTFS witha 4096 cluster size.WindowsFreePercentageThe percentage of free space to reserve in thevolume on the vDisk that will contain the Windowsoperating system.Default is 25%.

C HAPTER 6Using XenConvertThis chapter describes how to convert a workload from the following sources: “Converting From a Physical Machine” “Converting From VMware” “Converting From an OVF Package” “Converting From XVA V2 to an OVF Package” “Converting From Microsoft Virtual Server” “Converting a Single Volume”Important The following Windows security privileges are required to convertsuccessfully.- Backup files and directories- Restore files and directories- Manage auditing and security log- Take ownership of files and other objectsConverting From a Physical MachineConvert a physical machine, including up to four volumes, to one of thefollowing destinations: Provisioning Services vDisk XenServer OVF Package VHD

22Citrix XenConvert GuideAll conversions from a physical machine have the following steps in common. “Preparing the Source Machine” “Choosing Volumes”Preparing the Source MachineBefore Converting From a Physical Machine: Enable Windows Automount on Windows Server operating systems. Disable Windows Autoplay. Remove any virtualization software before performing a conversion. Verify adequate free space exists on the destination, which is approximately101% of used space on the source volumes.Choosing VolumesWhen converting from a physical machine to a virtual machine or virtual disk,XenConvert provides the options to: Select up to four volumes to include Resize those volumes in the virtual disk by changing the amount of freespace. Resize of the entire virtual disk by changing the unallocated space (forconversions to destinations other than Provisioning Services)These options become available after the wizard’s Welcome page displays.The tables that follow describe the properties and options of source anddestination volumes.

Chapter 6Using XenConvertSourceSource VolumeA volume on the physical machine identified by itsdrive letter and label.Choose up to four source volumes to include in theconversion to primary partitions on the virtual diskin the order shown.Choose None to remove a volume from theconversion.Used SpaceThe amount of space used by existing files on theselected volume, which is required on the virtualdisk volume being created (displays in MB and as apercentage of volume capacity).Free SpaceThe amount of file space that is available for use onthe selected volume (displays in MB and as apercentage of volume capacity).CapacityMaximum space of the original volume selected(Used Space Free Space).File SystemFile system format. Must be NTFS.DestinationDestination VolumeA volume on the virtual disk identified by driveletter and label, taken from the source volume, toassign after conversion.Used SpaceThe amount of space used by existing files on theselected volume, which is required on the virtualdisk volume being created (displays in MB and as apercentage of volume capacity).23

24Citrix XenConvert GuideDestination VolumeA volume on the virtual disk identified by driveletter and label, taken from the source volume, toassign after conversion.Free SpaceThe amount of space available to new files.To resize the volume, change its free space.To change the free space to a specific value, type thenumber of megabytes.To increment the free space by one megabyte, clickthe up arrow button.To decrement the free space by one megabyte, clickthe down arrow button.To change the free space to match the sourcevolume, click the reset button.CapacityThe maximum space on the original volume (UsedSpace Free Space).This amount automatically changes when the freespace changes.File SystemType of file system associated with the selectedvolume. Must be NTFS.

Chapter 6Using XenConvert25DiskAllocated SpaceThe amount of space allocated to used and freespace for all selected volumes.Unallocated SpaceThe amount of space not allocated to used or freespace of any volume.To reserve space on the virtual disk for creating orextending volumes later, change the unallocatedspace.To change the unallocated space to a specific value,type the number of megabytes.To increment the unallocated space by onemegabyte, click the up arrow button.To decrement the unallocated space by onemegabyte, click the down arrow butt

4 Citrix XenConvert Guide About XenConvert Citrix XenConvert is both a physical-to-virtual (P2V) and virtual-to-virtual (V2V) conversion tool. As a P2V tool, XenConvert can convert a server or desktop workload from an online physical machine running Windows, to a XenServer