Health Professions Careers OverviewGeneral Health Careers InformationLearn about health professions careers, salaries, job outlook, hot topics and connect with professionals through the followingwebsites: http://www.Explorehealthcareers.orgPhysicians Allopathic medical schools award the M.D. degree Osteopathic medical schools award the D.O. degree Allopathic and osteopathic physicians receive very similar training. Osteopathic medicine tends to emphasize primarycare and its curriculum also includes training in manipulative therapy in order to treat musculoskeletal disorders. Both types of physicians work in private practices, clinics, hospitals, etc. and their similarities are far greater than theirdifferences. Both programs are four years of medical school plus residency requirements Association of American Medical Colleges http://www.aamc.org American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine: http://www.aacom.orgDentistry: Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of conditions pertaining to the oral-maxillofacial cavity. Dental schools are four years with additional specialty training if needed. American Association of Dental Schools http://www.adea.orgOptometry: Diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the human eye and visual system Viewed as primary care providers to patients seeking ocular or visual care and prescribes medications, prescribeseyeglasses, contact lenses, and other visual aids, diagnosis abnormal eye diseases, provide pre– and post-surgical careof cataracts, refractive laser treatment, retinal problems and other conditions Consults with ophthalmologists for additional treatment Optometry schools are four-year programs. All states require a license to practice. Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry http://www.opted.orgPharmacy: Pharmacists assure appropriate use of medications; dosage is correct, patients understand the proper way to use themedication, and information provided by subscriber is correct Pharmacists are employed at: Hospitals and other institutional settings, managed care facilities, the pharmaceuticalindustry, academic settings, local pharmacies, military and the FDA Doctor of Pharmacy degree is a six-year program: 2 years pre-professional study and 4 years of professional study Learn about the application process and link to pharmacy schools: http://www.pharmcas.orgPhysician Assistant: Physician assistants practice medicine with physician supervision Conduct physical exams, diagnose and treat illnesses, order and interpret tests, counsel on preventive health care,assist in surgery, and in most states can write prescriptions Program curriculum is 111 weeks, compared with 155 weeks for medical school; followed by clinical rotations ininternal medicine, family medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, emergency medicine, and geriatricmedicine American Academy of Physician Assistants http://www.aapa.org
Podiatry: Diagnoses of foot ailments, such as tumors or ulcers, fractures, skin or nail diseases, and congenital or acquireddeformity. Treats deformities, such as flat or weak feet and foot imbalance, using mechanical and electrical method; American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine http://www.aacpm.org American Podiatric Medical Association http://www.apma.orgVeterinary: Doctors of Veterinary Medicine are medical professionals whose primary responsibility is protecting the health andwelfare of animals and people Veterinarians diagnose and control animal diseases, treat sick and injured animals, prevent the transmission of animaldiseases and advise owners on proper care Involved in wildlife preservation and conservation and public health of the human population. Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges: http:// www.aavmc.orgFamily Nurse Practitioner Nurse Practitioners are register nurses with advanced education and clinical training. There are some FNP programs that do not require an RN to be admitted. Through these programs the graduatestudent earns an RN prior to the FNP coursework. American Academy of Nurse Practitioners: http://www.aanp.orgChiropractic Medicine Doctors of Chiropractic are physicians who have completed a graduate degree at a chiropractic college Chiropractors utilize a holistic approach to healthcare with a focus on the patient's overall well being. American Chiropractic Association: http://www.amerchiro.org/Allied Health – a sample list Anesthesiologist AssistantAthletic TrainerCardiovascular TechnologistClinical Exercise SpecialistCytotechnologistDiagnostic Medical SonographerElectroneurodiagnostic TechnologistEmergency Medical Technician- ParamedicHealth and Fitness SpecialistHealth Information Administrator/technician KinesiotherapistMedical AssistantMedical IllustratorOphthalmic Medical ionistRespiratory TherapistSpecialist in Blood Bank TechnologySurgical AssistantSurgical TechnologistPrepared by Office of Health and Legal Professions at the University of Maine utilizing information provided by the professional organizations associated with each career.Career Center3rd Floor Memorial Union, 207.581.1359University of Maine does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, including transgender status and gender expression, national origin,citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information, or veterans status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. The following person has beendesignated to handle inquiries regarding nondiscrimination policies: Director, Office of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, 207.581.1226.
Health Careers PuzzleThe importance of being well-rounded; without any one piece, the picture (your application) is incompleteTransferable SkillsExposure to the Field Knowledge of field Shadowing, Internship Volunteer experience Current eventsGrades (GPA)Desire forLife-LongLearning Science al Reasoning Sincerity Friendliness Expression Tics (-) Speaking Skills Listening SkillsWriting AbilityLeadershipTest Scores Community School activities Service MCAT Other exams(PCAT, GRE, OAT,DAT, etc.) Spelling Clarity Cohesiveness ofthoughts Teamwork Organization Time Management Critical Thinking Curiosity Ethical StandardsRecommendations Academic Other (business,religious, community)Stamina, Endurance,Maturity, Drive Academic Emotional PhysicalAt UMaine, we offer: Admissions Test Assistance – Kaplan Test PrepMultitude of clubs and organizations on campus to get involvedJob shadowing opportunities through out Maine Mentor ProgramVolunteer opportunities through the Bodwell Center, local healthcare facilities, and moreHealth Professions Committee – letters of recommendationsAssistance with personal statementCapital University, adapted from University of Illinois, 2010The University of Maine does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, including transgender status and gender expression, nationalorigin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information, or veterans status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. The following person hasbeen designated to handle inquiries regarding nondiscrimination policies: Director, Office of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, 207.581.1226.
Example of a Possible Pre-Health Student Puzzle*This is an example of a junior or senior pre-health student*It is important to understand that not every pre-health student’s “puzzle” or application is going tolook the same. There is no such thing as a perfect puzzle! 30 hours of volunteering atDirigo Pines100 hours of volunteering atEMMC75 hours for UVAC20 hours of volunteering atBangor Humane Society100 hours for Front Deskposition at Optometry OfficeMember of Health ProfessionsClubTreasurer of OperationH.E.A.R.T.S.Captain of Women’s Rugby TeamJob Shadowed:Physcian’s AssistantFamily PhysicianDental AssistantMajor: PsychologyLetters ofRecommendations 3 scienceprofessors 1 healthprofessional Researchsupervisor HonorsprofessorMinor: Pre-MedMinor: Spanish3.5 GPA502 MCATScore50 hoursofresearchThe University of Maine does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, including transgender status and gender expression, nationalorigin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information, or veterans status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. The following person hasbeen designated to handle inquiries regarding nondiscrimination policies: Director, Office of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, 207.581.1226.
Undergraduate Concentration in Pre-Medical Studies for Biology and ZoologyThis concentration is intended for students preparing for a career in medicine or one of the other health professions(dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, physician assistant, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine and other healthrelated fields). Students completing this concentration will be fully prepared for advanced studies in these fields. Inaddition to the required science and mathematics courses, the concentration also includes general education coursesthat are desired by many medical schools. The concentration allows for considerable choice in courses and providesvaluable guidance to students and their advisors with regard to course selection in their major and in generaleducation requirements. Students in the pre-medical studies concentration must meet all of the requirements for theBIO-BS or ZOL-BS (see the undergraduate catalog)Specific requirements:1. Affiliated Sciences and MathChoose CHY 251 & 253 and CHY 252 & 254 to meet the organic chemistry requirement.2. Area I. Cell and molecular biologyChoose at least one of the following courses:If only one course is chosen, it must be BMB 280 or BIO 480.BIO 336 Developmental BiologyBIO 480 Cell BiologyBIO 483 Cell Biology LabBMB 280 Introduction to Molecular and Cell BiologyBMB 300 General MicrobiologyBMB 305 General Microbiology Lab3. Area II. GeneticsBIO 350 Concepts & Applications of Genetics4. Area III. PhysiologyChoose at least one of these courses:BIO 377 Medical PhysiologyBIO 378 Medical Physiology LabBIO 480 Cell BiologyBIO 483 Cell Biology LabBMB 440 ImmunologyBMB 441 Immunology Lab5. Area IV. BiodiversityChoose at least one of these courses:BIO 329 Vertebrate Biology and BIO 331 Vertebrate Biology LabBIO 335 Human Anatomy6. Area V. Ecology and BehaviorFree choice among the Area V courses on the BIO-BS and ZOL-BS checklists
7. CapstoneChoose one of these courses:BIO 388 Research Capstone in Biology – highly recommendedBIO 431 Emerging Infectious DiseaseBIO 438 Morphogenesis in Development and DiseaseBIO 450 HistologyBIO 480 and 483 Cell Biology & Lab (both must be taken)HON 499 Honors Thesis8. Other required coursesBMB 322 Biochemistry and BMB 323, Biochemistry Laboratory1PSY 100 General Psychology 2SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology2One of the following courses is required, with ENG 315 being the preferred course:ENG 315 Research Writing in the Disciplines3 (preferred)or ENG 317 Business and Technical Writing3or ENG 201 Strategies for Writing across Contexts3Literature course4: an English literature course at the 200 level or higherPHI 235 Biomedical Ethics5 (preferred)(PHI 100, PHI 230, PHI 231 or PHI 233 are also acceptable if unable to register for PHI 235)Footnotes:1Required by medical schools. If CHY 251/253 and 252/254 have been completed, BMB 323 cancount as one of the four labs required in Areas I-V.2Satisfies general education Social Contexts and Institutions.3Satisfies general education Writing Intensive. Not required for students completing HON 211and HON 212.4Satisfies a general education area depending on the course chosen. Not required for studentscompleting HON 211 and 212.5Satisfies general education requirements for Ethics, Western Cultural Tradition, and SocialContexts and Institutions.Recommended coursesINT 200 Orientation to Health ProfessionsBIO 208 Anatomy and Physiology (if BIO 377/378 and BIO 335 are not taken)Notesa. Inclusion of BIO 480, Cell Biology, is highly recommended. This course can only count in one area.b. Physician assistant and pharmacy schools require two semesters of anatomy and physiology. This requirementcan be met by combining BIO 335, Human Anatomy and BIO 377, 378 Medical physiology and lab OR bycombining BIO 208, Anatomy and Physiology, and BIO 377, 378 Medical physiology and lab. Check with theHealth Professions Specialist for details of the program you want to pursue.c. Students pursuing this concentration may want to consider a minor in Neuroscience, Chemistry, Psychology, orBusiness.Adapted from The University of Maine Undergraduate Program Catalog at catalog.umaine.edu
Minor in Pre-Medical Studies for All Other MajorsThe following courses in science and mathematics are required for admission to most medical schools, and thus forthe minor in Premedical Studies. Students must not make substitutions in this list. Students declaring a minor inPremedical Studies should consult with their academic advisor and with the Health Professions advisor regardingcompleting other major requirements and the General Education Requirement. All candidates should consultspecific programs at medical schools and other graduate institutions of interest regarding additional requirements,which vary among institutions.Students in majors with extensive overlap with the minor in Pre-Medical Studies are not eligible for thisminor. These majors include, but are not limited to, Animal and Veterinary Sciences (Pre-VeterinaryConcentration), Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Biology, Botany, Food Science and Human Nutrition (Food ScienceConcentration), Microbiology, Molecular and Cellular Biology, and Zoology.4BIO 100, Basic Biology4BIO 200, Biology of Organisms(OR)4BIO 208, Anatomy & Physiology4BMB 322 and 322L, Biochemistry and laboratory4CHY 121 and 123, Introduction to Chemistry and laboratory4CHY 122 and 124, Molecular Basis of Chemical Change and laboratory5CHY 251 and 253, Organic Chemistry I and laboratory5CHY 252 and 254, Organic Chemistry II and laboratory4MAT 126, Calculus I8PHY 111 and 112, General Physics I and II, orPHY 121 and 122, Physics for Engineers and Physical Scientists I and II4INT 200, Orientation to Health Professions (OPTIONAL)MINOR WILL BE CERTIFIED BY SCHOOL OF BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGYThe University of Maine does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, including transgender status and gender expression,national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information, or veterans status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. The followingperson has been designated to handle inquiries regarding nondiscrimination policies: Director, Office of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, 207.581.1226.
Accelerated and Special ProgramsUniversity of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine Agreement (UNECOM)To foster increased training of physicians for Maine, the University has entered into an agreement with the University of NewEngland College of Osteopathic Medicine (UNECOM), in Biddeford, ME. This agreement allows very highly qualified Mainehigh school students to enter an accelerated program resulting in the DO degree (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine). Acceptedstudents become candidates for reserved slots in the UNECOM program, and may enter the four-year graduate medicalprogram after only three years of undergraduate study. Acceptance to UNECOM is contingent upon maintenance of anexcellent undergraduate academic record while at UMaine. The School of Biology and Ecology offer an Accelerated BinaryDegree Program; where students participating in the program are required to major in Biology and to complete a specificcurriculum covering three years and one summer of coursework at UMaine. This includes all general-education requirementsexcept the capstone experience (which is completed at UNECOM). Upon successful completion of the initial year atUNECOM, students are awarded a BS from the University of Maine. The DO is awarded by UNECOM upon successfulcompletion of three additional years of medical study. Interested candidates should contact: The Health Professions Office atthe University of Maine.3 4 Agreement with New England College of Optometry (NECO)This agreement allows very highly qualified students to enter an accelerated program resulting in the OD (Doctor ofOptometry). Accepted students become candidates for reserved slots in the New England College of Optometry program, andmay enter the four-year graduate optometry program after only three years of undergraduate study. Acceptance to NewEngland College of Optometry is contingent upon maintenance of an excellent undergraduate academic record while atUMaine. Upon successful completion of the initial year at New England College of Optometry, students are awarded a BSfrom the University of Maine. The OD is awarded by New England College of Optometry upon successful completion ofthree additional years of optometry study. Interested candidates should contact the UMaine Health Professions Office forapplication materials.3 3 Agreement with Logan University of ChiropracticThe University of Maine and Logan University of Chiropractic have joined together in order to offer students an opportunityto complete their undergraduate and doctor of chiropractic degrees in less time. Students complete 90 semester hours ofcredits at the University of Maine as a biology or kinesiology (KPE) major. All students who successfully complete the PreChiropractic Program with a cumulative GPA of 3.25 or higher and meet all other admissions criteria shall be accepted atLogan University of Chiropractic. Upon completion of specified course work at Logan University of Chiropractic, studentswill be awarded their B.S. in Biology or KPE degree from the University of Maine.Tufts Maine Track ProgramTufts University School of Medicine (TUSM), in partnership with Maine Medical Center (MMC) in Portland Maine, offers a“Maine Track” for applicants who are interested in a unique, innovative curriculum that will offer clinical training experiencesin Maine and expose medical students to the unique aspects of rural practice as well as training in a major tertiary medicalcenter.Tufts Maine Track Early Assurance ProgramTufts University School of Medicine (TUSM) also offers a Maine Track Early Assurance Program for eligible students atparticipating institutions in the state of Maine. The undergraduate schools currently participating in this program are: BatesCollege, Bowdoin College, Colby College and all University of Maine campuses. Students apply to this program during theirsophomore year. Applying to this program does not preclude them from later applying regular decision to Tufts or othermedical schools. Historically, UMaine students have found success in securing these limited seats.The University of Maine does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, including transgender status and gender expression,national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information, or veterans status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. The followingperson has been designated to handle inquiries regarding nondiscrimination policies: Director, Office of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, 207.581.1226.
b. Physician assistant and pharmacy schools require two semesters of anatomy and physiology. This requirement can be met by combining BIO 335, Human Anatomy and BIO 377, 378 Medical physiology and lab OR by combining BIO 208, Anatomy and Physiology, and BIO 377, 378 Medical physiology and lab. Check with the