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SOUTH-SOUTHCOMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GEF SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME

The Small Grants Programme (SGP) is a corporate programme of the Global EnvironmentFacility (GEF) implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since1992. SGP grantmaking in over 125 countries promotes community-based innovation,capacity development, and empowerment through sustainable development projectsof local civil society organizations with special consideration for indigenous peoples,women, and youth. SGP has supported over 20,000 community-based projects inbiodiversity conservation, climate change mitigation and adaptation, preventionof land degradation, protection of international waters, and reduction of the impactof chemicals, while generating sustainable livelihoods.The Global Environment Facility (GEF), established on the eve of the 1992 Rio EarthSummit, is a catalyst for action on the environment — and much more. Throughits strategic investments, the GEF works with partners to tackle the planet’s biggestenvironmental issues. Our funding also helps reduce poverty, strengthen governanceand achieve greater equality between women and men. As such, we occupy a uniquespace in the global partnership for a more sustainable planet.UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstandcrisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life foreveryone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, we offer global perspectiveand local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. www.undp.orgACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThe authors like to thank Yoko Watanabe, Stephen Gold, Pilar Barrera, Xiaojun Grace Wang, Shams Banihani and Nathalia Alvesfor their leadership, guidance and support to make this publication possible.AUTHORSAna Maria Currea* and Ingerid Huus-HansenEDITORSHaley Horan and Tehmina AkhtarPEER REVIEWERSMichael Stewart and Valentina AzzarelloCASE STUDY CONTRIBUTORSCASE 1: David BynoeCASE 2: Leonel RequenaCASE 3: Mathieu HouinatoCASE 4: Fabio Fajardo, Shane Tutua and Alan PetersenCASE 5: Jean Parnell Dimanche, Alberto Rodriguez and Michela Izzo, Guakía AmbienteCASE 6: Nehemiah Murusuri and Stella ZaarhCASE 7: Suwimol SereepaowongCASE 8: Terence Hay-Edie, Annalisa Jose, and Singay DorjiCASE 9: Sandra Bazzani, Hugo Galeano, and Juan René GuzmanCITATIONUnited Nations Development Programme, South-South Community Innovation Exchange Platform:The experience of the Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme, UNDP, New York, 2017.DESIGNCamilo Salomon @ www.cjsalomon.comPUBLISHEDSmall Grants ProgrammeSustainable Development ClusterBureau for Policy and Programme SupportUnited Nations Development Programme304 East 45th Street, 9th Floor,New York, NY 10017www.sgp.undp.orgCopyright 2017, United NationsDevelopment ProgrammeAll rights reserved.* Leading and corresponding author Ana Maria Currea, [email protected]

CONTENTSForeword3Message from the Global Manager4Introduction6Case Studies Establishing an organic certification system in the Caribbean: Barbados, Jamaica and Grenada Promoting seaweed farming as a sustainable enterprise: Belize and Colombia How to improve shea butter production and combat land degradation: Benin and Burkina Faso Fostering organic agriculture across the ocean: Cuba and the Pacific Technology transfer of a micro hydro electrical energy system: Dominican Republic and Haiti Empowering women to become solar engineers and bring light to the world Energy efficient cook stove technology exchange: United Republic of Tanzania and Kenya Experience in mangrove conservation and resilience to climate change: India, Indonesia,Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and the Philippines Strengthening the International Network of Mountain Indigenous Peoples Preventing desertification by using renewable and energy efficient technologies: Chile, El Salvador,Honduras and Uruguay10131619222528313436Conclusions and lessons learned38Annex40ROEL SLOOTWEG/SHUTTERSTOCK.COMSOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME1

ACRONYMSAMEAssociation Mère d'ElèvesIOIAInternational Organic Inspectors AssociationBCHTBiocultural Heritage TerritoriesIPLCSindigenous peoples and local communitiesBNSIBarbados National Standards InstituteISEInternational Society for Ethno-biologyCBDConvention on Biological DiversityJOAMJamaica Organic Association MovementCERD-BENINCulture, Éducation et Recherche pourle Développement au BéninMOUMemorandum of UnderstandingNGONon-Governmental OrganizationNTFPNon-Timber Forest ProductsOGCAOrganic Growers and Consumers AssociationPOETCOMPacific Organic and Ethical Trade CommunityPPCSLPlacencia Producers CooperativeSociety LimitedSDGSustainable Development GoalSGPSmall Grants ProgrammeCEUTACentro Uruguayo de Tecnologías ApropiadasCFACommunauté Financière d'Afrique,West African FrancCGIAR(Formerly) Consultative Group forInternational Agricultural ResearchCIPInternational Potato CenterCOMPACTCommunity Management of Protected AreasConservation ProgrammeCSOCivil Society OrganizationSPCSecretariat of the Pacific CommunityFOHFragments of HopeSSCSouth-South cooperationGEFGlobal Environment FacilityTRCtriangular cooperationGEF SGPGlobal Environment FacilitySmall Grants ProgrammeTTTTei Tei TaveuniGOAMGrenada Organic Agriculture MovementUNUnited NationsICCASIndigenous Peoples and CommunityConserved Territories and AreasUNDPUnited Nations Development ProgrammeUNESCOInternational Collaborative for Science,Education, and the EnvironmentUnited Nations Educational, Scientificand Cultural OrganizationUNOSSCInternational Institute for Environmentand DevelopmentUnited Nations Office for South-SouthCooperationUSUnited States DollarWHOWorld Health OrganizationZNTZai Na Tina Organic Demonstrationand Research FarmICSEEIIED2INIFATAlexander Humboldt Institute for BasicResearch in Tropical AgricultureINMIPInternational Network of MountainIndigenous PeoplesSOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME

FOREWORDThe 2030 Sustainability Agenda is an action plan for people, theplanet, and our collective prosperity. The Sustainable DevelopmentGoal 17 (Partnerships for the Goals) calls for a strengthening of themeans of implementation and a revitalization of global partnershipsfor sustainable development. This goal calls for the enhancementof South-South Cooperation and for improving developing countries’access to innovative technology to empower them to implementthe Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a manner that suitstheir context. South-South Cooperation is rooted in the principlesof equality and trust and supports countries in similar developmentcontexts, and facing similar challenges, to find and share solutionsthat are easier to adapt to their priorities and needs at the global,national and local levels.Adriana DinuGustavo FonsecaFor many years, the Global Environment Facility’s Small Grants Programme (SGP), implementedby United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), has been supporting exchanges andpartnerships across its country programs to encourage South-South Cooperation and sharingof experiences among project grantees. SGP has enhanced these efforts through a dedicatedoutcome in its Sixth Operational Phase to launch its “South-South Community InnovationExchange Platform”.This publication showcases examples from SGP-supported projects that illustrate the importanceof South-South Cooperation as a necessary tool for the achievement of the SDGs, particularlyrelated to environmental and social goals. South-South knowledge and innovation by civilsociety and communities can fill critical gaps in national action plans and produce timelyand significant results.By developing seaweed farming in response to declining fisheries in Belize andColombia, or by building and maintaining energy efficient stoves in Tanzania and Kenya,or through the introduction of micro-hydro electrical plants in Haiti, community exchangesdemonstrate the value and effectiveness of South-South solutions at the local level.These shared solutions increase local communities’ livelihood opportunities, help protectthe environment, increase access to health and education, and inspire social inclusionacross borders.The future of the planet relies on humanity’s affirmative action to manage and protect the globalecosystems that sustain us. We hope that this publication will provide some evidence of theimportance of South-South Cooperation in achieving the SDGs, and further inspire innovationand partnerships.Adriana DinuExecutive CoordinatorGlobal Environmental Finance UnitUnited Nations Development ProgrammeGustavo FonsecaDirector of ProgramsGlobal Environment FacilitySOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME3

MESSAGE FROMTHE GLOBAL MANAGERSouth-South cooperation promotes direct learning and relationship-building betweencommunities in countries that face similar challenges and operate in similar developmentcontexts, to increase self-reliance and share solutions and technologies to overcomethese challenges.The GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP), implemented by UNDP, believes that SouthSouth cooperation and exchanges at the community level are essential for developingsolution-based platforms, and enable wider replication and scaling up of good practicesin efforts towards conserving the global environment and achieving the SDGs.Yoko WatanabeThe 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development calls for greater attention to localcommunities and their inclusion in global development, in terms of food security, cleanwater, access to quality education and healthcare, and sustainable livelihoods. This is keyto the central pledge of leaving no one behind in our achievement of the goals and targets.As illustrated in this publication, we find that South-South cooperation is an effectivemodality for reaching those furthest behind first, by actively facilitating and supportingpeer-to-peer knowledge exchange and technology transfer of good practices includingamong remote and hard-to-reach communities.The example of Barefoot College demonstrates this potential in its support to women fromrural communities all over the world by giving them the training necessary to become solarengineers, for the benefit of their families and neighbors.The case of the Potato Park in Cusco Valley, Peru, illustrates how food productive landscapescan be conserved and how traditional knowledge can be used to inform decision-making forthe benefit of all stakeholders. The park is frequently visited by indigenous peoples and othersfrom around the world to learn about conservation, the impacts of climate change, and howto increase resilience in food production systems to meet the challenges of the future.I hope the reader finds these examples instructive and is inspired to help promote furtherexchanges among local communities-particularly indigenous peoples, women, andyouth- who are drivers of progress within their communities. It is this type of innovationand enthusiasm that propels sustainable development.Yoko WatanabeGlobal ManagerGEF Small Grants Programme4SOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME

SGP THAILANDSOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME5

INTRODUCTIONIn 2015, the world adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its associatedSustainable Development Goals. This agenda calls for new and inclusive global partnerships, withemphasis on the integral role South-South and triangular cooperation must play in complementingNorth-South cooperation. In the words of the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Gutierrez,“South-South cooperation is a powerful tool as we advance, together, towards the SustainableDevelopment Goals and fulfill the promise to leave no one behind.”Other key development frameworks that complementthe Agenda 2030 - such as the Paris Agreement, theSendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, andthe Addis Ababa Action Agenda - also emphasize theimportance of South-South and triangular cooperation.UNDP’s Strategic Plan 2014-2017 similarly embracesSouth-South and triangular cooperation as coremodalities for sharing tested, scalable developmentsolutions from the South, to strengthen developingcountries’ perspectives in global development agendasand decision-making. Likewise, the GEF 2020 strategypromotes South-South knowledge exchangeIIED6SOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMMEof successful and potentially replicable experiencesamong recipient countries of the Global EnvironmentFacility (GEF).The Small Grants Programme (SGP), funded bythe GEF and implemented by the United NationsDevelopment Programme (UNDP), recognizes theimportance of South-South and triangular cooperationat the local level, and their role in accelerating theachievement of the SDGs. SGP has been providingtechnical and financial support to civil societyorganizations (CSOs) and communities in over125 countries for the past 25 years. SGP promotes

innovation and social inclusion, and fosters thedevelopment of solutions that produce globalenvironmental benefits and address key sustainabledevelopment issues. Through these efforts, SGPhelps countries to meet their commitments underkey environmental conventions. By working directlywith vulnerable communities, including indigenouspeoples, women, youth, and persons with disabilities,SGP facilitates peer-to-peer learning and mentoringamong CSOs and local communities, and promotestheir participation in decision-making processes.Although SGP has been engaged in South-Southcooperation as a supportive partner for many years,it was only in its Sixth Operational Phase (2015-2018)that it launched the “South-South CommunityInnovation Exchange Platform” as a targetedinitiative. The platform responds to the need fora proactive solution to promote cross-country andregional learning, since grantmaking and associatedknowledge exchanges often happen at the nationallevel. Through this platform, SGP provides dedicatedsupport for knowledge exchanges between itsprogramme countries. The cross-country exchangesseek to transfer knowledge, encourage the replicationof good practices at bilateral and regional levels,increase impact, scale up innovative solutionsdeveloped by grantees and partners, and enablebroader links between CSOs at the regional level.In 2015, a survey of SGP country programmesrevealed that 40 countries had already engagedin South-South cooperation, in the form of bilateralor regional collaboration, in the past. Partners - suchas national civil society organizations, internationalorganizations including UNDP, UNEP, IUCN, UNESCOand local development cooperation agencies orbanks – often played a facilitating role. The modalitiesof these exchanges, which are now reportedon annually, included peer-to-peer knowledgeexchanges, sharing of solutions at internationalconferences, and site visits to demonstratesolutions to international partners. As of 2017,over 200 South-South cooperation exchanges hadSOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATIONSouth-South cooperation (SSc) refers to a broad frameworkfor collaboration among countries of the global South,spanning the political, economic, social, cultural, environmentaland technical domains. Involving two or more developingcountries, it can take place on a bilateral, regional, sub-regional,or interregional level. Developing countries share knowledge,skills, expertise, and resources to meet their developmentgoals through concerted efforts.South-South cooperation is a common endeavour of peoplesand countries of the South, born out of shared experiences andsympathies, based on their common objectives and solidarity, andguided by, inter alia, the principles of respect for national sovereigntyand ownership, free from any conditionalities. South-South cooperationshould not be seen as official development assistance. It is a partnershipamong equals based on solidarity South-South cooperationembraces a multi-stakeholder approach, including non-governmentalorganizations, the private sector, civil society, academia and other actorsthat contribute to meeting development challenges and objectivesin line with national development strategies and plans.From SSC/19/3, paragraph 9, as defined by the Member StatesTRIANGULAR COOPERATIONTriangular Cooperation (TrC) is cooperation between two or moredeveloping countries, with support from a developed country.Triangular cooperation involves Southern-driven partnershipsbetween two or more developing countries supported by a developedcountry(ies)/or multilateral organization(s) to implement developmentcooperation programmes and projects. Evidence shows that in manyinstances, Southern partners in development cooperation require thefinancial and technical support and expertise of multilateral and/ordeveloped-country partners in the course of assisting other developingcountries (see TCDC/9/3). Northern partners also benefit by being ableto take advantage of increased institutional capacity in the South andto increase the impact of their aid disbursements by leveraging theresources of multiple Southern partners. Developed countries haveincreasingly expressed strong support for this approach to developmentand a willingness to share their experience and lessons learned as longas the triangular cooperation process is led and owned by Southern actorsin order to achieve development results.From SSC/19/3, paragraph 11, as defined by the Member StatesSOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME7

UNDP developed a global marketplace exchange platform, “SSMart for SDGs”, an end-to-end systemthat supports partners from the South to package and exchange their demands and solutions. SSMartfosters real-time knowledge exchange, collaborative thinking, and partnerships among governmentsand non-state actors for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.Free and open to all development stakeholders (governments, civil society organizations,UN agencies, the private sector and academia), the platform:1. supports the exchange and scaling-up of tested development solutions;2. provides an opportunity for solution seekers to express their needs vis-à-vis particulardevelopment challenges;3. offers a repository of evidence, with potential to inform the decisions of development organizationsto supply technical assistance, capacity development services, or any other kind of support thatengaging partners may request, in line with national development plans and SDG priorities.It includes a brokering service that has the capacity to match development solutions with needsin developing countries, and is supported by a facilitation service, ensuring quality assuranceby vetting all development solutions submitted.been conducted by SGP countries. These exchangeshave increased the capacity and technical knowledgeof civil society organizations and led to the replicationand scaling up of locally-tested innovative solutions.As a key partner of UNDP in South-South cooperation,SGP has documented and contributed several ofthese solutions to the UNDP South-South marketplaceplatform: SSMart for SDGs.The portfolio of the SGP focuses on topics such as climatechange, land degradation, chemicals and waste, andprotection of key biodiversity and international waterbodies - issues that are often interconnected, especiallyat the community level. For example, climate changeadaptation and mitigation is intimately linked with thedevelopment of agriculture, waste management, water,energy, health, food security, education, conservation,and infrastructure. In view of the interconnectedand transnational nature of such challenges, greatercollaboration and exchange between developingcountries is especially instrumental in addressing them.8SOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMMEAs a strategic pathway to tackling such challenges andachieving the SDGs, SGP will continue to develop civilsociety institutions as centers of excellence. These areorganizations that are often created or capacitatedin the implementation of SGP grants, and which laterplay a role as training or demonstration centers totransfer innovative practices, technologies and solutionsdeveloped by the communities to others in need of thisknow-how and experience. Such local level centers playa key role in facilitating South-South exchanges.For example, in Belize, the Fragments of Hope (FoH) NGO,a 2017 Momentum for Change award winner, operatesa prolific coral nursery, offers guided eco-tours to visitingtourists, and further operates as a trainer of trainers.In the past year alone, FoH participated in 15 SouthSouth cooperation exchanges – turning their partnerorganizations into a nexus of learning and candidatesfor further development as centers of excellence. Inaddition to facilitating such exchanges, SGP encourages

and supports grantees to document their solutionsthrough manuals and toolkits, an effort that furtherpromotes sharing and learning across borders.demonstrated solutions emerging from Belize,Burkina Faso, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Kenya,Senegal and Thailand.This publication illustrates how SGP leveragesSouth-South and triangular cooperation to tacklelocal challenges through peer-to-peer knowledgeexchanges across different sustainable developmentissues and geographies. It features ten case studies withThe problems tackled are of importance not only locallybut also within the context of national sustainabledevelopment and global environmental challenges,widening the appeal and relevance of these solutionsfor broader adoption.SGP DOMINICAN REPUBLICSOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME9

ESTABLISHING AN ORGANIC CERTIFICATION SYSTEMIN THE CARIBBEAN: BARBADOS, JAMAICAAND GRENADAJAMAICABARBADOSGRENADACONTEXTIn Barbados, there is a growing organic movement toreduce the use of agrochemicals, such as synthetic fertilizers,pesticides, and growth hormones, for food production.The movement is bringing increased public awareness ofhow industrial agriculture is contributing to pollution inthe groundwater supply and in the marine environment.Customer surveys have demonstrated that there is highdemand for organic produce among both the tourist andlocal populations in Barbados, and the market is not able tomeet this demand. Organic food production makes up lessthan 10 per cent of the national food production.JAMAICABARBADOSGRENADAIn 2004, through the Barbados National Standards Institute(BNSI), Barbados adopted organic standards based on theFood and Agriculture Organization’s CODEX Alimentariusguidelines for organic farming. However, no systemfor delivery of this standard had been developed, andthere was no established methodology for inspecting orcertifying these products as organic. The major organicagricultural association in Barbados, the Organic Growersand Consumers Association (OGCA), had no tangible meansto verify that the practices of their growers met the standardand merited recognition. The situation was compoundedby the lack of a credible, sufficiently independent entityresponsible for conducting inspections and awardingorganic certification to existing organic growers and farmerswishing to convert to organic agriculture.In 2014, OGCA received support from GEF SGP todevelop and implement a national organic inspectionand certification system. The project primarily targetedmembers of the association by building their capacityto facilitate the certification process and to meet therequirements for organic certification. OGCA saw that therewas an opportunity for regional cooperation in learningfrom the experience in organic farming of Jamaica, whichhad already trained inspectors in the past. OCGA wantedto build and maintain a Caribbean network to develop localand regional capacity towards a regional organic protocol.THE EXCHANGESGP BARBADOS10SOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMMEThe objective of the exchange between Jamaica andBarbados was to implement a national organic inspectionand certification system in Barbados, based on theexperience of the Jamaica Organic Association Movement(JOAM) in implementing their own certification scheme.In supporting OCGA, JOAM reached out to connect the

SGP BARBADOSBarbadian NGO with the International Organic InspectorsAssociation (IOIA). IOIA works to address issues andconcerns relevant to organic inspectors, provides training,and promotes consistency and integrity in the organiccertification process. They provided an internationallycertified training programme to prospective organicinspectors in Barbados.The exchange between the Jamaica Organic AssociationMovement and OCGA helped Barbados speed up theirprocesses by learning from the years of experience JOAMhad in undertaking a certification process and meetingthe international standard for certification requirements.JOAM also put OCGA in touch with the Grenada OrganicAgriculture Movement (GOAM) which extended theSouth-South collaboration to Grenada, and membersfrom GOAM were able to participate in the training offuture inspectors in Barbados, with support from GEF SGP.RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNEDAs a result, with support from JOAM and the IOIA, OCGAfacilitated the training of prospective organic inspectors,educated farmers on organic farming, and developedmonitoring and reporting systems for the certificationprocess. Fourteen candidates were identified as suitable toreceive inspector training - one woman from BNSI, a groupof three men and one woman from GOAM, one chemistfrom Antigua, one Barbadian female trainer of youth inagriculture and horticulture, five organic farmers of whichtwo were women, one representative from the BarbadosMinistry of Agriculture and one representative from the InterAmerican Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture. A MoUwas signed between OGCA and these trainees for futureservice arrangements.Another 22 organic farmers were trained in data collectionand farm recordkeeping using available informationtechnology and project management tools. As a part ofthe project activity, the farmers were introduced to andtaught how to use an app called Farmlogs to facilitateelectronic record-keeping. A training video was developed,including modules on the principles of organic farming,organic seedling production, the nature and propertiesof soil, soil fertility management, organic pest and diseasemanagement, water management, and organic farmcertification. To create legitimacy and commercialize thecertified organic brand, as well as to encourage moregrowers to participate in organic farming, organic farminspection reports were completed and submitted to BNSI.SOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMME11

The benefits reported by farmers were improved farmmanagement and record keeping. In several cases, farmerswho did not keep records are now able to do so andin an electronic format.A Project Steering Committee - with a gender diversebackground and representing the different stakeholdersinvolved - was formed to provide strategic guidanceand dialogue on the certification process. The projectalso benefitted from a multi-disciplinary, supportive,and experienced Secretariat which provided strategicguidance while facilitating the mobilization of financialand non-financial resources. The project now enjoys fullsupport from the Government of Barbados with technicaland financial means to operationalize the certificationprocess. The training of government officers in organicfarm inspection further demonstrates the Government’scommitment. OGCA now has a fully operational certificationprocess in place to ensure genuine organic food productionfor consumers.One of the benefits of the exchange is that, in the future,OCGA can have Barbadian inspectors conduct inspectionsin Grenada, and vice versa. In addition, having certifiedSGP BARBADOS12SOUTH-SOUTH COMMUNITY INNOVATION EXCHANGE PLATFORM:THE EXPERIENCE OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAMMEorganic inspectors available in the Eastern Caribbean willsignificantly reduce the cost of certification to the farmersand generate income opportunities for the inspectors. ThreeGrenadians have been certified as organic inspectors underthis project, and it is expected to be replicated in Grenada inthe coming years.This organic certification process in Barbados contributesdirectly to SDG 12: Responsible consumption andproduction, by drastically reducing the use of chemicalsin fertilisation and pest management in food productionand improving the health of the consumers. Farmers whoreceive organic certification will also benefit from improvedproduce and income from the higher prices that organicproducts bring in the market.Based on their role in establishing this certificationprocess, OGCA was identified as a key stakeholderto contribute to the revision of the National PhysicalDevelopment Plan, Barbados’ national sustainabledevelopment and growth framework. It is anticipatedthat in the coming first inspection cycle, OCGA will seeas many as five farms inspected and in receipt of provisionalcertification in 2017.

PROMOTING SEAWEED FARMINGAS A SUSTAINABLE ENTERPRISE:BELIZE AND COLOMBIACUBACOLOMBIABELIZECONTEXTBelize’s coastline has a wealth of globally signific

1992. SGP grantmaking in over 125 countries promotes community-based innovation, capacity development, and empowerment through sustainable development projects of local civil society organizations with special consideration for indigenous peoples, women, and youth. SGP